At the same time, in Asia, the Japanese surrender meant freedom for 200,000 women in military brothels, most of them Korean. For four decades, the women then listened as the Japanese denied they were forced into sexual servitude.
In 1991, the women began stepping forward. They speak in "Silence Broken: Korean Comfort Women" of being seized by soldiers, of girls as young as 12 forced to see up to 100 men a day. Many were beaten, drugged and made infertile.
One woman refuses to feel shame though she lost the chance to bear children. "I want to die as a daughter of Korea," she says proudly, clad in an elegant traditional gown.
In all three films, moments of serenity contrast with brutal images of torture and death. Water lapping at a boat plying the waters off Vietnam, a voice soaring in song. The quiet roar of a waterfall in the Korean mountain countryside. The snowcapped Sierra rising above the cactuses of the Manzanar camp.