JOHANNESBURG, South Africa — Reconciliation Day on Saturday showed deep divisions among this nation's white population: rising racial tension galvanized some to publish a declaration of collective guilt while others paid homage to apartheid.
A group of prominent white South Africans formally declared collective guilt for apartheid and launched a fund at Cape Town's St. George's Cathedral to help poor blacks and to try to narrow a widening racial gap just six years after the country's first all-race election.
At the same time right-wingers gathered at an apartheid-era monument erected at Blood River in KwaZulu-Natal province to celebrate the original reason for the public holiday--the routing of Zulu warriors by Afrikaners on Dec. 16, 1838.
The anniversary was known during white rule as the Day of Vow. The black-majority government kept the holiday but renamed it the Day of Reconciliation in a bid to bring the racially divided nation together.