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Doubting Investors Result in Weak EMachines Debut


Investors gave a chilly reception to bargain computer maker EMachines Inc.'s initial sale of stock, sending the Irvine company's shares down 8% on the first day of trading.

Analysts attributed the weak debut to doubts that the company can ever become profitable in the increasingly competitive low-end personal computer market.

EMachines has racked up impressive sales, rising from nowhere to become the industry's fourth-largest consumer personal-computer vendor in two years. But thanks to its slim profit margins and hefty marketing and acquisition expenses, the company also recorded $84.5 million in losses last year.

"From the standpoint of the investor, they don't have a story that's compelling," said Rob Enderle, who covers desktop personal computers for GIGA Information Group, a market research firm. "It's hard to show an upside and easy to create scenarios with a substantial downside."

The offering of 20 million shares raised $180 million. The stock, priced Thursday at $9, dropped 75 cents Friday to close at $8.25, as almost 17 million shares changed hands on Nasdaq.

EMachines executives would comment on neither the sale nor the market's response.

Founded in late 1998, EMachines generated immediate volume and buzz by introducing the first branded personal computers priced at less than $400. It has sold more than 2 million computers, supplying many of the low-cost models packaged with offers for long-term Internet service by providers such as America Online.

Its sales topped $815 million last year, with volume jumping 65% from the third quarter to the fourth quarter, compared with an industrywide average increase of 6.6%, said Anne Bui, an analyst with International Data Corp.

Still, EMachines' profit margins on computer sales remain a measly 4%, far lower than other leading computer makers.

EMachines is attempting to move beyond computer sales, using its vast customer base and specialized software to generate revenue from online advertising. It also provides its own Internet service, By buying Free-PC Inc. in November, the company acquired proprietary software that gives users one-touch access to advertiser-sponsored Web sites.

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