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Natrol Seeks the Right Elixir to Energize Sales

Nutrition: The CEO of the Chatsworth supplement company is confident of rebounding from current slump in an industry driven by trends.


CHATSWORTH — His company's stock traded last week at less than 20% of its initial offering price. The business just announced a $2.4-million loss for its second quarter. Even boosters agree his industry is in a growth slump. So why does Elliott Balbert look so hopeful and sound so energized?

"We think we can compete," Balbert, chairman, chief executive and president of Natrol Inc., said in an interview. "We can prevail."

That's not a small order. The nutritional supplements industry, of which Natrol is widely considered one of the most reputable and well-organized members, grew at a furious rate in the mid-'90s. That was thanks to the public's sudden hunger for vitamins, herbal compounds, "all-natural" health and diet aids--any natural remedy, in effect, that could make aging baby boomers feel better and younger.

But a business that lives by trends can die by trends, as supplement companies found out a couple of years ago, when consumer enthusiasm for more and enhanced products began to ebb. Last year, for example, sales of herbal supplements in food, drug and mass merchandiser stores (such as Target and Wal-Mart) declined by 2.6%, according to the Nutrition Business Journal, a trade publication.

Natrol has found its own fortunes buffeted by these same winds of public fickleness. And now, heading into its third decade, the Chatsworth employer of 330 people must find a way to continue to grow amid an industry that's struggling to regain the elusive consumer popularity that gave it wings in the first place.

Supplement industry sales increased by roughly 15% in 1997 and 9% in 1998, according to the nutrition journal.

Natrol reported year-to-year sales increases of 73% in 1996 and 60% in 1998. Last year, when industry sales grew roughly 6%, Natrol's sales jumped 20%.

But in the spring and summer, Natrol's fortunes changed. For the second quarter ended June 30, Natrol reported a loss of $2.4 million, compared with earnings of $1.9 million for the like quarter last year.

The company blamed the loss partly on inventory reductions and shelving reorganizations by retailers. Natrol also wrote down the value of excess inventory produced when its own sales forecasts had been more optimistic.

"To say that this was a disappointing quarter would be an understatement," Balbert said in a statement accompanying the earnings report.

The company's stock, which hit a 12-month high of $9.25 in November, closed Monday at $2.31--down 28.85% in the last three months and 71.54% over the past year.

The company expects to return to profitability in the second half of 2000, but Natrol is no stranger to the power of fads. In 1996, Natrol's fortunes soared, thanks to the sudden popularity of the hormone melatonin, widely touted as a natural sleep aid, and DHEA, promoted as an anti-aging elixir. Together, the pair accounted for roughly half of the company's sales that year. Then in 1997, the trendy hordes drifted away to new products. That year, the business saw its annual sales inch up by 5%, while its net income dropped by 40%.

Looking back, Balbert sees the experience in mostly positive terms.

"I'll take opportunities like melatonin and DHEA all the time," he said. "If someone said to me, I would like to introduce you to a product that does $50 million in sales in one year, then will drop to $7 or $8 million in sales the next, what would I say? Bring it on!"

Earnings from the explosive sales growth of the two products helped Natrol grow as a company. Today, melatonin and DHEA remain two of the business' most stable products. Still, Balbert acknowledged that the "roller coaster effect" is jarring to those running the company, not to mention Wall Street.

Natrol introduced its stock in July 1998 at $15 per share. Since then, the market has driven the price down. Even though Natrol has nearly doubled in size in the last two years, it seems Wall Street remains nervous about a company whose fortunes can swing so wildly based on consumer whims.

This is not an atypical story for the supplement industry. As much as anyone in the field hates to admit it, this is a trend-driven business. One year, melatonin sales drive the fortunes of the industry. Another year, the hot thing is the herb St. John's wort, and everyone who's selling it makes a mint.

"In the past, these herbs, these single-supplement herbs, they came into the market and were explosive products that year," said Patrick Rea, research director for the Nutrition Business Journal.


No one product has shot away from the pack like that this year. But that's not the only reason why growth rates are down, experts say.

"If you go back five years, the only place you could buy vitamins was a couple of aisles in the back of the drugstore or a major supermarket, or at vitamin stores," said Scott Van Winkle, an analyst at Adams, Harkness & Hill in Boston. Today, though, vitamins, herbs and a wide variety of other supplements can be found in nearly every sort of retail environment, he said.

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