WASHINGTON — George W. Bush, among the five children of the 41st president, most publicly felt the sting of his father's 1992 defeat. Now he is showing he learned the lessons of his father's presidency, particularly its failures.
Unlike his father, long viewed by conservatives as a closet moderate, he is letting no one get to the political right of his White House.
He is letting no one in his White House engage in freelance policy and politics; he has demanded, and so far he has won, complete loyalty from his senior staff. He is hewing to most of his campaign promises--so far. He remains focused on his message. He has demonstrated he has taken his father's no-new-taxes lesson to heart: He is showing no retreat from his campaign promise to cut taxes.
And the No. 1 lesson, learned from the bitter experience of 1992: He knows the importance of accumulating political capital--and then spending it quickly, before it dissipates.
His father worked long hours and played hard. This Bush seems moderate in every way--except, unlike his father, in his politics. And, unlike his father, he has not tried to separate the quasi-campaign aspects of the presidency from the governing.
"He learned firsthand, and there's nothing like it," said Mark McKinnon, one of Bush's senior campaign aides in Austin, Texas. "He doesn't talk about the lessons. A lot of it is in the DNA. He watched his father very closely and saw what worked and what hurt. Obviously, he learned from the mistakes."
Those who have watched Bush closely over the last two decades--some friends, some aides, some who are both, some who spoke on the record and others, mindful of Bush's disdain for those who speak out of class, asking not to be identified--say that some of the characteristics of his emerging presidency would be at the fore regardless of his father's experience in the Oval Office.
But more than that, he has demonstrated during the opening scenes of his White House that he has brought to the Oval Office the perspective that can only be attained through very close observation of the presidency.
"This president has a view of the presidency that is generally available only to past presidents," said Rep. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.), perhaps one of Bush's closest friends in Congress.
Paying attention to the back-room business of the West Wing when his father was president, Bush had an inside look at potential problems: A chief of staff, John H. Sununu, who critics said failed to keep the staff sufficiently focused on the president's goals; senior staff members who developed their own agendas; and a conservative backlash, epitomized by Pat Buchanan's campaign for the Republican presidential nomination, challenging the incumbent president in 1992.
As it became evident that Sununu was not working out as chief of staff, said a longtime Bush loyalist who has worked for father and son, "George W. was privately trolling the old Bushies, to get their opinions."
And, she said, he played a similar role monitoring the performance of Bush's vice presidential chief of staff a few years earlier.
"I'm sure he learned from both those situations . . . to not have a strong chief of staff who may think he's running the White House," the aide said.
Indeed, that lesson played out as soon as Bush reached the governor's office in Texas six years ago.
"He was determined. He wasn't going to have a chief of staff making decisions for him," said the former aide, who spoke only on condition of anonymity. "He is very aware of the problems it caused his dad."
He also saw how fickle the voting public can be: Under the burden of economic recession, his father's approval rating fell from a phenomenal high of 89% at the end of the Persian Gulf War in February 1991 to 29% just 17 months later. Reelection defeat followed.
Get a Clear Sense of Vision
From all that comes a lesson that goes beyond electoral politics to a style of governing in which a leader begins with a dedication to public service, makes clear a sense of vision and takes quick advantage of popular support to press forward with a policy agenda.
Examining the lessons he brought from his father's presidency, Bush said in an interview in 1998:
"There is a difference, in a way. The concept of service is a very strong concept that was passed on from my dad's father to him; you served. I feel that as well. But on the other hand, I think you've got to have a reason to go into the political process. You've got to have a vision.
"I did learn a lesson about incumbency," he said of his father's 1992 reelection defeat. "You can't [just] defend your record. There has to be a 'what next.' "
Bush looked back, about the same time, to another lesson of his father's presidency, in a conversation with Gov. William Janklow of South Dakota.