ANGELUS OAKS — The trouble started, as it had before, with a look. Two girls, two cultures, and one dismissive glance on a school bus.
What are you looking at?
What are you looking at?
It was barely lunchtime--not the way to start a three-day camping trip to promote peace.
Herbert Hoover High needs more peace. In three months last year, the Glendale school endured five students' deaths, among them a killing, a car accident and a suicide. But usually, it is the petty fights that make the campus tense.
"It's small stuff," said Pamela Good, Hoover's co-principal. "But it leads to people getting killed."
To try to prevent those exchanges--often between Armenian Americans and Latinos--from escalating to violence, Hoover High recently sent most of its 712 freshmen on retreats to the San Bernardino Mountains above Redlands. The four trips are being paid for with a $500,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Education. The federal program was developed after the 1999 Columbine High School massacre to make large high schools seem smaller and more close-knit.
Some of the teenagers who attended the retreats saw snow for the first time, and it made them giddy as kindergartners. Others had never spent a night away from home. Through workshops, late-night talks and some vegetarian cafeteria food, enemies became friends. Fourteen-year-old boys drew hearts with pink pencils, and students saw their principals and teachers dance, crack corny jokes and, in some cases, cry. The girls on the bus made up.
Although two nights in a drafty cabin and some role-playing games will not make the 2,700-student school safer or raise test scores immediately, it can go a long way toward helping kids drop their guard, adults at Hoover said.
"As much as we want our kids to do well academically," Good said, "it's not going to happen until they feel safe and connected."
Despite Problems, School Is Average
Hoover is not a bad school by any measure. On California's academic ranking, Hoover is in the middle. Average. Its students, judging by the diverse group of 70 who attended a retreat last month, are friendly, typical teenagers. Most are either Armenian American or Latino. Some talk back to their teachers and have tragic personal stories. Others have loving parents, confidence and, in the case of one boy, 16 pet iguanas.
The retreat organizers knew they would not get all the freshmen to the mountains. Some parents refused to let their kids go. Some students simply had no interest. One girl said she went because her parents promised her $100.
The camps were designed for freshmen, to foster a campus community that will continue in the next three years. But senior Krestina Akearian, 17, ended up benefiting, too. As one of several upperclassmen sent as camp counselors, she was supposed to be a role model. But one look from a sassy freshman, and Krestina joined the confrontation between the two girls at the back of bus.
After welcoming the group to Camp Cedar Falls on a snowy afternoon, Hoover Assistant Principal John Fox singled out Krestina and the girls involved in the stare down.
"You have too much hate in you!" he told them.
Melodrama ensued. More offending looks were exchanged, doors were slammed and other girls from the bus pleaded with teachers to smooth things over. Krestina knew she had to make the first move but it wasn't easy. To keep fighting would set a bad example for the ninth-graders.
"I can't go up to somebody and say, 'Sorry.' I've never done it," she said. "I don't even say I'm sorry to my mom."
The staring match stemmed from an after-school fight in front of Hoover two days before. Krestina was not involved, but her friends were. They are Armenian American. The other girls involved in the fight are Latina. At Hoover, that is often all it takes to start a fight.
Last May, dozens of students saw senior Raul Aguirre clubbed with a tire iron and stabbed in the heart after he tried to break up a fight between a Latino teenager and two Armenians, who had allegedly flashed gang signs at each other.
"The reason that grant was written is because Raul died," said Linda Maxwell, a facilitator at the retreat. "And the reason there was money for that grant is because kids at Columbine died."
Last fall, in part because of the Colorado killings, the Smaller Learning Communities Program awarded grants to more than 350 schools in 39 states. Congress has set aside $125 million to continue the program.
"The reason I'm here is [it's terrible] to bury kids," Maxwell told the students the first afternoon.
Maxwell and Jose Quintanar are known in Glendale as peacemakers who work with gang members and teenagers. Through their organization, We Care for Youth, Maxwell and Quintanar have counseled Krestina for six years.
Krestina eventually smoothed things over with the girls on the bus. You're me, she told them, just three years younger.
"I used to have attitude, too," she said. "It's going to build up, and one day it's going to take over you."