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The Last Emperor Is Raked Over the Coals Again

China: Pu Yi, who abdicated in 1912 and was 'reformed' by the Communists, is now the subject of a controversial, tell-all biography.


BEIJING — Royal-scandal watchers in the U.S. no longer need keep their opera glasses trained across the Atlantic for juicy tales of sex, lies and palace intrigue.

Now they can turn their gaze across the Pacific, where a nasty battle is brewing over a tell-all book about China's last emperor--already memorialized in an Oscar-winning movie--that was released in Beijing last week to a breathless public.

"Unlocking the Secrets of the Last Emperor's Final Marriage" combines new revelations with previously known facts about the deposed "Son of Heaven," Pu Yi, to paint a portrait of a man who was secretly homosexual, who had an affair with a boy eunuch with "red lips and white teeth," who underwent hormone shots to cure impotence and who wound up marrying a woman with a questionable past that was hidden until her death four years ago.

The book's salacious charges have provoked a bitter dispute between Pu Yi's surviving siblings and author Jia Yinghua--China's answer to Kitty Kelley, the writer whose shocker "The Royals" caused a stir in Britain with its unflattering portrait of that country's royal family.

Scenes From a Tempestuous Marriage

Jia, 50, is an amateur historian who says he has assembled an array of documentary evidence to support the sensational allegations contained in his 386-page opus, the fruit of 20 years' research.

In addition to offering new details about the emperor, Jia describes Pu Yi's last wife, Li Shuxian, as a twice-divorced, gold-digging former dance hall hostess who wed him in 1962 expecting wealth and glamour only to discover penury and sexual dysfunction.

The book charts their tempestuous marriage from fights over money to Pu Yi's near-inability to take care of himself after a pampered upbringing in Beijing's fabled Forbidden City.

When Li later tried to dump her husband, who had been politically "reformed" by the Communist regime, the divorce request went all the way to one of China's senior leaders, Premier Chou En-lai, who blocked it in a rare instance of personal intervention, according to one of the book's more startling claims.

Page after page of the new biography boasts photographs that would do British tabloids proud. There are shots of Pu Yi on the palace grounds lighting a cigarette for his first consort, Wan Rong, and of Wang Fengchi, the robed and pretty-looking castrated male servant with whom Pu Yi allegedly had "out-of-the-ordinary relations."

Also pictured are Li's personnel file from the hospital where she worked as a nurse, excerpts of letters written by the former emperor, and Pu Yi and Li's marriage certificate.

"My book will create an uproar around the world," Jia predicted confidently a few days before it hit the shelves last week.

It has already caused a ruckus among Pu Yi's four surviving siblings, all of them now over 80.

To them, Jia is a disrespectful, dishonorable man bent purely on personal gain.

"His behavior is immoral. He just wants to make money," Pu Ren, the last emperor's half-brother, declared during an interview at his small but comfortable courtyard home on one of Beijing's tumbledown old alleys. His wife, following Manchu custom, stayed out of sight while Pu Ren received guests. Wooden carvings on the doors and inside the living room appeared to date to the Qing Dynasty--which ended, along with China's entire imperial past, when Pu Yi abdicated, at age 6, in 1912, after a three-year reign.

"Jia is taking advantage of us because we're old and weak and ill," said Pu Ren, 83, a retired schoolteacher of dignified mien. "My eldest sister is 90 and bedridden. He's browbeaten us mercilessly."

Pu Ren does not deny all, or even many, of the allegations in Jia's book. About his half-brother's ambiguous sexuality, he says vaguely, "I'm not clear on that." (The 1987 film "The Last Emperor," which was widely seen in urban China at the time, depicted Pu Yi as a lusty heterosexual youth caught up in an erotic menage a trois with his wife and first concubine. A 1998 biography released in the U.S. concluded that Pu Yi was at least bisexual.)

Nor does Pu Ren contest the authenticity of the documents, including Pu Yi's medical records, shown or cited in "Unlocking the Secrets."

But he does object to their publication without the permission of the family. Pu Ren has hired a lawyer and says he intends to sue Jia for defaming Pu Yi and invading his privacy, albeit posthumously. Libel charges, which are not uncommon in China, can result in monetary damages and up to three years in prison.

Pu Ren takes sharp exception to accusations that his once-exalted brother stole treasures from the Forbidden City and sold them to foreign buyers for some ready cash.

"Pu Yi sold the things that belonged to him in order to sustain himself" after the new, republican government failed to pay his promised allowance of $4 million a year, Pu Ren said. "There was no other way. Jia says it was stolen, but [revolutionary leader] Sun Yat-sen agreed that it was private property."

Jia dismissed such objections.

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