Japan's jobless rate climbed to a near-record 4.8% in April and workers' spending dropped unexpectedly, the latest signs that the world's second-biggest economy may be sliding back into recession.
Meanwhile, Japan's industrial production fell for a second straight month in April as exporters slowed assembly lines in response to a drop in orders.
Production at factories dropped 1.7%, seasonally adjusted, last month from March, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry said.
Companies shed 370,000 jobs last month, lifting the unemployment rate from 4.7% to just below the record 4.9% reached in January, the government said.
A separate report said spending by households headed by a salaried worker fell 1.3% from March. Economists had expected a 1% increase after a 3% drop in March.