A recently released report from a panel on U.N. peace operations, appointed by the secretary-general, suggests various organizational reforms to better meet these types of challenges in the field. Coincidentally, the panel was led by the man who now serves as the U.N. special envoy for Afghanistan, Lakhdar Brahimi.
The report urges that the previously distinct operations of peacekeeping and peace-building be formally fused, recognizes the need for realistic mandates to be set, as well as the necessary strategies through which to attain those mandates. It falls short of pressing for the eternally sensitive issue of a standing U.N. military force, which would greatly enhance the organization's ability to rapidly deploy and to conduct coordinated international training exercises before going to the front lines. But the report does call for Security-Council approved mandates to specify authority to use force.