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Andersen Fires Executive Who Oversaw Enron Audit

Accounting: Firm puts three partners on leave and relieves four others of management duties.


The Andersen accounting firm said Tuesday that it fired the executive in charge of auditing Enron Corp., saying partner David B. Duncan organized an effort to destroy thousands of documents after learning of an inquiry by the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Andersen also placed three other partners responsible for the Enron engagement on administrative leave and took away management responsibilities from the four partners who ran the Houston office where the Andersen audit was conducted.

"Based on our actions today, it should be perfectly clear that Andersen will not tolerate unethical behavior, gross errors in judgment or willful violation of our policies," Joseph F. Berardino, Andersen's managing partner and chief executive, said in a statement.

Sullivan & Cromwell, the New York law firm representing Duncan, issued a statement saying he did nothing wrong and is cooperating with investigators. A spokesman said Duncan was following the instructions of an Andersen attorney.

Duncan did not return a phone call to his home.

An Andersen official said the firm learned in the first week of January that documents had been destroyed. Its assertion that Duncan systematically destroyed documents after learning that the SEC was looking into the Enron audit is yet another devastating blow to Andersen, said Lynn Turner, the SEC's former chief accountant.

"It is about as close to an admission of guilt that you can get without actually saying it," Turner said.

Typically, accounting firms facing probes and litigation place the partner who headed the problem audit "on ice" while the matter sorts out, according to accounting experts. They don't allow the individual to do more audits, but they don't fire the person, because they want the partner to testify on the firm's behalf.

"It is almost unheard of for a partner to get fired during one of these investigations, and so early in it," said Turner, who heads the Center for Quality Financial Reporting at Colorado State University.

Andersen collected $25 million for the Enron audit, one of the largest audit fees in corporate America. Microsoft, by comparison, paid less than $5 million in audit fees last year.

Turner predicted the firing would help congressional investigators, who plan to meet with Duncan in Washington today. "Frankly, now that he's been fired, he may have a little more motivation to cooperate with us," said Ken Johnson, a spokesman for the House Energy and Commerce Committee.

Investigators are reviewing six boxes of Duncan's personal files, which they hope to use to reconstruct some of the destroyed records. Johnson said that Duncan may have "crucial information" relevant to the probe--"and apparently he's prepared to share it with us."

Each successive revelation about how it handled the Enron audit--starting last year when Andersen reissued the energy company's financial reports, slicing nearly $600 million off its profit statements over a four-year period--has been increasingly damaging for the firm, said Howard Schilit of the Center for Financial Research and Analysis in Rockville, Md.

The firm's integrity has been challenged, employee recruiting and retention efforts have been damaged and Andersen faces the prospect of huge financial penalties and judgments stemming from numerous federal probes and Enron shareholder lawsuits.

Duncan, 42, is a former treasurer of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity at Texas A&M who serves on the advisory board of the business school's accounting department.

Duncan also is a member of the politically powerful board of the American Council for Capital Formation, a Washington-based organization that lobbies for business-friendly tax and environmental policies.

Also on the board are Enron Chairman Kenneth L. Lay and an array of Washington blue-chippers from both parties, including former Secretary of State George P. Shultz, former Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen, former House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Bill Archer and former ambassador and Democratic Party chief Robert S. Strauss.

Andersen claimed that an internal investigation found that Duncan organized an "expedited effort to destroy documents" in the Houston office and called a meeting with staff members Oct. 23 to get the task started.

What is especially damaging, according to accounting experts, is that Andersen asserts Duncan started shredding papers and deleting electronic files after learning that Enron had received a request for information from the SEC about its financial accounting and reporting. Such an action could be grounds for obstruction of justice charges.

"This effort was undertaken without any consultation with others in the firm and at a time when the engagement team should have had serious questions about their actions," Andersen said in its statement.

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