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Kenneth Lay Resigns as Enron Chairman

Probe: Creditors panel urges the move so new managers can oversee reorganization.


HOUSTON — Kenneth L. Lay was ousted Wednesday from Enron Corp., the Houston company that he spent 15 years building into the world's largest energy trader only to watch it crumble amid allegations of financial trickery.

Enron announced it is beginning a search for a turnaround specialist to save what is left of what was once the nation's seventh-largest company, but which now holds the dubious distinction of having filed the largest-ever bankruptcy petition.

Lay said his decision to resign as chairman and chief executive was reached in cooperation with Enron's board and the 15-member creditors' committee selected as part of Enron's bankruptcy proceedings. Enron filed for bankruptcy protection Dec. 2, listing more than $50 billion in assets and more than $31 billion in debts.

The bank-dominated creditors' committee had been pushing for Lay's resignation so that new managers could oversee Enron's attempt to reorganize and repay the money it owes, sources familiar with the situation said. The decision was reached Wednesday morning during a board meeting with Enron's far-flung directors checking in by telephone.

"The creditors just want a green-eyeshade guy who gets their money back for them," one source said.

Lay will remain a director of the company.

"I want to see Enron survive, and for that to happen we need someone at the helm who can focus 100% of his efforts on reorganizing the company and preserving value for our creditors and hard-working employees," Lay said in a statement. "Unfortunately, with the multiple inquiries and investigations that currently require much of my time, it is becoming increasingly difficult to concentrate fully on what is most important to Enron's stakeholders."

Lay, 59, has been named in more than 50 lawsuits, and his company's disintegration is being investigated by several congressional committees, the Justice Department and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

That Lay was tossed out comes as less of a surprise than the leisurely time it took to do it, Enron watchers said.

Lay held on as a series of damaging financial disclosures about murky off-balance-sheet partnerships and overstated earnings hammered Enron's stock price, wiping out billions of dollars of investor holdings and the retirement savings of Enron employees.

Lay survived a failed last-ditch merger attempt with cross-town rival Dynegy Inc., which fled claiming that it hadn't realized the depths of Enron's troubles. He lasted as Enron's debt plunged to junk status and lenders turned their backs, causing an all but fatal cash crunch that pushed Enron into bankruptcy.

But the heat rose in the last few weeks with revelations that Lay and other Enron executives contacted Bush administration officials late last year seeking help for the flailing company, that Lay was touting the stock to employees and urging them to buy shortly before Enron announced its worst quarter in corporate history, that Lay was warned in August by a company vice president of a possible corporate implosion if details of the off-balance-sheet transactions became known and that documents were shredded by Enron employees and those of its auditor, Andersen.

"For whatever value remains in Enron to be realized, Lay's resignation was necessary," said Edward Muller, an investor in energy ventures and former president of Irvine-based Edison Mission Energy. It was necessary because "Lay's presence, with an obvious personal interest, stood in the way of decisions being made to realize value for creditors and move the organization forward."

Prudential Securities analyst Carol Coale said the decision comes too late and is likely to play poorly on Wall Street.

"When Wall Street was calling for Ken Lay's head, it was early in the game," said Coale, who is based in Houston and has followed Enron closely. "Wall Street thought that would be the responsible thing for the board to do. But at this point, it makes him look guilty."

"I don't think the market's going to react favorably to that," she said, noting that the company's stock took a steep plunge when CEO Jeffrey Skilling resigned abruptly in August. Enron, which little more than a year ago traded at nearly $90 a share on the New York Stock Exchange, closed Wednesday at 34 cents in over-the-counter trading, down 9.5 cents. Lay's resignation was announced after markets closed.

The reaction from Enron employees, current and former, was bitter.

"It was bound to happen," said Maritta Mullet, a former 10-year employee who lost nearly half a million dollars in would-be retirement benefits. "I'm surprised he's been able to face up to all these people and stay in there so long.

"I feel terribly betrayed by him," added Mullet, who said Lay was "blushing over with how good everything looked" in a September online chat with employees.

That enthusiasm cost her and others dearly.

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