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Recall Pressure Rises Against Ford

Autos: 10 police officers in Arizona have died in fiery crashes in Crown Victorias. Firm says fuel system is safe.


Ford Motor Co. is under mounting pressure to recall hundreds of thousands of Crown Victoria police cruisers amid reports of rear-collision gas tank fires in which at least 10 police officers have died since 1992.

Ford, the dominant producer of police cars, faces what amounts to a boycott in Arizona, where emotions reached the boiling point last week with the fiery death of a policeman in the Phoenix suburb of Chandler.

Robert Nielsen, 25, became the third police officer in Arizona to die in less than four years when the fuel tank of his Crown Victoria burst into flames after a crash. An officer in the state survived a similar crash last year but suffered burns over most of his body.

Nielsen's death "was the final straw," said Det. Tony Morales of the Phoenix Police Department, which immediately suspended an order for 200 new Crown Victoria cruisers. Rather than wait for Ford to act, Phoenix plans to install new, and purportedly safer, fuel systems in the 735 Crown Victorias in its fleet.

Arizona Gov. Jane Dee Hull has told the state highway patrol not to place new orders with Ford until the issue is resolved.

Ford executives said that the cruisers have a great safety record, and that their fuel systems meet the federal government's minimum standard, as well as the company's tougher internal guidelines. Ford said the tank fires are so rare and involve such violent collisions--typically 70 mph or faster--that they do not reflect a design problem.

The Crown Victoria "is one of the safest vehicles you can be in," and "there are no safety issues with the fuel system," said Ford spokeswoman Sara Tatchio.

Arizona Atty. Gen. Janet Napolitano is scheduled to meet Tuesday with top safety executives of Ford in Dearborn, Mich. In a stern letter in March to Ford Chairman William Clay Ford Jr., Napolitano said the company's failure to take "affirmative action ... is highly disturbing."

Tatchio declined to say what may come out of the meeting with Napolitano--only that Ford plans "to do what's right."

"This is a very important business to us," Tatchio said. "Police work to keep us safe, and we want to make sure we're working to keep them safe in their vehicles."

Ford also faces a class-action lawsuit in New Jersey that seeks reimbursement to police departments for safety modifications.

The growing flap has featured complaints of foot-dragging by federal auto safety officials, who have been investigating the cars since November but waited several months before opening their probe. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration began its investigation after receiving a copy of an internal Ford memo stating the agency had agreed not to investigate.

With about 80,000 of the cruisers sold each year, Ford has 85% of the police market. About half a million of the cars, known as Crown Victoria Police Interceptors, are on the road.

The car is a more powerful version of the regular Crown Victoria and has essentially the same fuel system as other Ford Panther platform cars--including the Mercury Grand Marquis and Lincoln Town Car.

The car's gas tank is behind the rear axle rather than above or forward of the axle, which is a safer location, according to safety groups and lawyers for families of dead officers.

According to these critics, the design is marginal at best for civilian owners and unsuitable for cars marketed to police, who face the risk of getting rammed from behind when they stop on road shoulders to direct traffic or help motorists. Some, though not all, of the deaths and injuries from burns have occurred under this scenario.

The tank "is in a bad location, so what did they do to protect the tank? They did nothing," said Glenn C. McGovern, a lawyer for the family of Hung Le, a Louisiana state police officer who allegedly burned to death after being rear-ended in 1998.

In October, Ford issued a service bulletin advising repair shops to change a bolt and a metal tab that are thought to have punctured or ripped fuel tanks in some of the wrecks.

Critics called the action inadequate, noting that Ford did not notify all police and civilian owners and did not agree to pay for the modifications as it would do in a formal recall.

Moreover, they said, the fixes are too minor to solve the problem. They have called on Ford to add protective shields or install new tanks with a bladder, or protective inner liner, as Phoenix plans to do.

Ford has resisted, saying the measures might create safety problems, such as a shield that might puncture the tank in a crash.

Although the debate has become more shrill in recent days, the controversy has been around for years.

In August 1999, the Florida Highway Patrol sent Ford a report of a yearlong investigation of rear-collision fires. The report highlighted the tank's behind-the-axle position and suggested reinforcement with a safety shield or bladder.

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