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AFTER THE WAR

Baghdad Is Asking, Where Are the Police?

Iraqis say there's no law to protect them as ill-equipped cops struggle against crime.

May 27, 2003|John Daniszewski | Times Staff Writer

BAGHDAD — As businessman Saleh Maadi Khafaji left his Palestine Street home for work three days ago, he noticed some men on the corner who appeared to be fixing a broken-down ambulance.

As Khafaji wheeled his car onto the street, the ambulance suddenly lurched and cut him off. Two men fired into the air, pointed their guns at him and shoved him in the back of the vehicle.

The abduction happened in broad daylight on a busy street. But when Khafaji's family reported it to U.S. military authorities, the Americans said it was a matter for the Iraqi police.

Asked the family: What police?

Although American officials say that 8,000 Iraqi cops have been called back to work and that cooperation with the U.S. military handling police patrols is on the rise, the perception among many Iraqis is that the bad guys rule the streets.

They point to murders, kidnappings, car thefts, illegal squatters in buildings and religious sect intimidation as some of the transgressions taking place under the noses of the Americans.

Why are criminals running rampant and law-abiding people still afraid to go out at night or stray far from their homes during the day? A visit to the Mesbah Police Station in southern Baghdad is instructive.

On a recent afternoon, most of the station's 77-member force was loitering around the two-story station house, doing nothing.

Though now at least swept out, a short time ago the station itself was a shell -- burned and looted in the first days after the war. The policemen's attire gave no hint that they carried badges, and the few of them who were armed had small U.S.-issued 7.65-millimeter Beretta pistols that looked like toy water guns. "The criminals laugh at it," one cop said.

"We are trying to restore the station through our own personal efforts," said Col. Muaman Salman, the station chief. But, he said, "we need so many things. Those committing crimes have weapons and good cars. Most of them were released from prison by the old regime. Compared to us, they have everything."

So far, only 12 pistols and one automatic rifle have been issued to the station, and there is only one patrol car, Salman said, in a city of 5 million where even the night watchmen pack Kalashnikov automatic rifles and many criminals carry rocket-propelled grenade launchers.

The complaints are echoed at police stations around Baghdad. Policemen have started to return to their jobs at the behest of U.S. occupation authorities, but in most cases they appear paralyzed by their lack of weaponry and the absence of a government to tell them what to do.

At the moment, the only leadership is coming from U.S. Military Police, who are working with the Iraqi police command and have begun to fan out across the city, posting themselves at the larger police stations. The MPs have also begun to distribute weapons -- the Beretta pistols and a few Kalashnikovs too -- to the local cops.

"We try to help them handle complaints. When they go out, we go with them," said 2nd Lt. Mark Daley, heading an MP squad stationed at the New Baghdad Station.

It was his first day there, he said, and he did not really have a feel for the area yet. Hearing reports of men with guns at a house, he sent out a convoy of Humvees.

When they arrived, the guys with the guns out-sprinted the MPs -- who were left the task of escorting two madams and a prostitute away from neighbors outraged by the display of immoral behavior.

On the Iraqi side, there appeared to be confusion about what the Americans expected.

"They are not giving us proper orders or jobs," complained police Pvt. Majid Hamid, 32, as he was about to go out in a different convoy. A $20 emergency stipend offered by the Americans is not enough, he said.

"I think it will be a year or two to restore order," he said glumly.

Except for small pockets of resistance, Baghdad fell to U.S. troops April 9, but the removal of Saddam Hussein's government ignited a wave of looting and destruction that was slow to ebb. During the first week or two of the occupation, most police stations were abandoned to the pillagers, who stripped them of everything of value, including weapons and locks on the holding cells.

In the absence of law enforcement, a low-grade anarchy was unleashed. Acts of murder, armed robbery, auto theft and kidnapping all took place brazenly. Vigilantes felt free to threaten members of the old regime. Militant Islamists harassed liquor stores and cinemas -- and sometimes women for not covering their heads. Anyone who was not a criminal, it seems, felt vulnerable.

Salman, the colonel at the Mesbah station, said it was all to be expected.

"Don't forget that Iraqis got used to brutality, savagery and harsh treatment by the old regime. I don't mean today that the Americans are too soft, but after 35 years Iraqis will not follow the rules unless you are forceful with them," he said.

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