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The year of the flower

GREENING

November 13, 2003

It was a good year for plant books. Each week brought a thick new dictionary, a study of botanical exploration, a review of grasses, a key to succulents. But, above all, in 2003 publishers let all the flowers bloom. They produced books on flower arranging, flowers in art, flowers in fabric, flowers in religion, on violets, lilies, tulips, orchids and roses, sweet roses. Someday, cultural historians will no doubt explain the forces behind the publishing world's sudden floral swoon. War weariness, a need for emblems of renewal, or a rush toward beauty. However, in some cases, quality and originality are their own explanations. This is the case with these five books.

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A passion for purple

Violets

The History and Cultivation of

Scented Violets

Roy E. Coombs

Sterling Publishing, $29.95

If you have a Scottish granny, give her this new edition of Coombs' 1981 book. He treats violets the way an oenophile treats wine, with the most committed regard. There are some poetic observations in a short introduction. In Persia, he tells us, the violet was regarded as the "prophet of the rose." But soon it is down to business. There are violets to describe, hundreds of cultivars to list by their blooming habits, scents and names. And what names, each recalling a tender of violets: Mrs. Pinchurst, Mrs. R. Barton, Mrs. Reid's French violet.

There are plenty of handsome photographs, which will come in handy when ordering violets by mail or over the Internet. But the most splendid illustrations are the watercolors by Yvonne Matthews, who captures the impossible sweetness of these simple, five-petal blooms.

The violet is the oldest flower in cultivation. Implicit in Coombs' treatment is a profound regard for his reader, the tried-and-true violet fancier. No other flower adapts so well to the windowsills of an office worker or a retiree who has had to give up her garden. These pots can bring scent, color and wonder to any desktop. But Coombs leaves the romance to us. His is a potting shed of purposefulness. He has violets to classify.

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Brazenly beautiful

Searchings

Secret Landscapes of Flowers

Barbara Bordnick

Welcome Books, $40

The simplest way to describe this book is that it's Playboy for bees -- without the articles. Ultra-magnified photos of flowers give us pistils and stamens more in the proportion that pollinators might experience them than anything observable to the human eye. This voyage into the heart of flowers is at first glance simply stunning. Colors read with startling intensity. Dewdrops appear as the size of pearls.

But the perspective is disorienting. We lose our bearings. The models cease to seem like flowers. The closer Bordnick takes us, the less she shows. The flowers become texture, color and light. The petals of a peony could just as well be a sea anemone or ruffles of a ball gown.

The intensity of her gaze works only because she can, and does, pull back often enough for us to recover. As she does, the flowers seem to recover too. A centerfold dedicated to the slim-necked grace of the freesia is so stately that it begs the question: Why do we crowd something so beautiful when we display it in vases? If only by peeping, we learn that flowers too have dignity.

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Odes to the cherished rose

Roses

A Celebration

Compiled by Wayne Winterrowd and illustrated by Pamela Stagg

North Point Press, $30

The British rose breeder Graham Thomas was born in April 1909 and died in April 2003. How fitting that the greatest scholar of roses came and went with the spring. How fitting that this collection of 32 essays on roses by famous garden writers is dedicated to Thomas, and has an entry from him. In it, Thomas takes us into the mind of a breeder as he offers the genealogy of the pink rose Souvenir de St. Anne's. It began with a rose that grew near what is now St. Anne's Park in Dublin. It was in fact a sport, or genetically distinct offshoot, of a Bourbon rose he knew. This original had double, pale-pink blooms with crimson sepals but a faint, almost indiscernible, scent. In his essay, he explains how he detected traits of a musk rose in the Dublin offspring, because of its more modest bloom and prominent stamens. These bore the promise of high fragrance. Sure enough, unlike its parent, St. Anne's had "a sweet and lovely scent reminiscent of cloves."

The most bittersweet entry comes from garden writer Lauren Springer, who remembers a childhood rose, a Mr. Lincoln, that survived a diet of chronic neglect yet produced deep crimson roses for the Thanksgiving table. She came to see this bush, she says, as "the plant world's version of a scurfy old oyster making its pearls."

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Symbolism unearthed

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Flower Power

The Meaning of Flowers in Art

Edited by Andrew Moore and Christopher Garibaldi

Philip Wilson Publishers, $27.50

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