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Gay Jail Inmates Get Chance to Learn

An L.A. County program offers GED, drug rehab and other classes. Recidivism drops.

April 07, 2004|James Ricci | Times Staff Writer

Strictly speaking, the graduation exercise that took place on the fourth floor of Men's Central Jail last week wasn't much of a rite of passage since the graduates weren't going anywhere any time soon.

Nonetheless, the hourlong celebration in honor of 15 gay male inmates who had earned high school diplomas or GEDs, or completed 10-week courses in drug rehabilitation, anger management and life skills moistened as many eyes per capita as any traditional school commencement.

"I am the most free I've ever been," a tall young man who had completed the drug education course said from the podium as emotion caught at his words. "I am finally able to like me. Today, everything is so bright, even when I close my eyes. I died years ago, and now I'm alive."

Men's Central, a somber, echoing fortress, is a monument to personal failure, but the Social Mentoring Academic and Rehabilitative Training, or SMART, program, available to the 350 inmates in its three gay-only dormitories, has been a remarkable success.

In the 4 1/2 years of its existence, fewer than a third of the 157 inmates who have completed the 10-week life skills course have returned to jail, said Deputy Randy Bell, a former teacher who co-founded and co-directs the program. Before SMART, he said, nearly 95% of gay inmates found their way back to county jail, a rate that dwarfs estimates for general-population inmates.

Because of a federal court order issued in 1985, Los Angeles County's is believed by correctional professionals to be the only penal system in the United States where gay inmates are automatically segregated. No programs aimed at gays existed, however, until Bell and Deputy Bart Lanni put together SMART with little more than duct tape and tirelessness.

Having no access to Sheriff's Department funds, the pair equipped their operation by haunting yard sales and twisting the arms of friends and neighbors for donations of cash and old computers.

They tapped into L.A.'s gay community for support, and invited into the jail such outside agencies as the Hacienda La Puente Unified School District, which conducts high school, GED and computer classes; the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, which tests prisoners for sexually transmitted diseases; and the Tarzana Treatment Center, which provides treatment help to inmates with HIV or AIDS.

The center of the enterprise, and the site of last week's graduation, is the newly christened Greenfield Learning Center, named after Barry Greenfield, a member of the West Hollywood Public Safety Commission and an ardent SMART supporter.

Originally a large storage area that Bell talked superiors into giving him, it is today a carpeted, brightly painted and lighted space whose walls bear colorful exhortative posters ("You are valuable," one says. "Don't let anyone make you believe differently"). More than two dozen new computers rest on $30,000 worth of new office furniture donated by Silver Lake nightclub owner and gay activist Michaeljohn Horn.

The success of Bell and Lanni, who are straight, derives in part from their being veteran deputies who know how to navigate through the traditionally macho and bureaucratic Sheriff's Department culture. Bell, a tall, beefy, effusive man of 50, has been a deputy for 19 years. The 46-year-old Lanni, a trim, precise man, is a transplanted New Yorker who's been in uniform for 21 years.

Dealing with the inmates, Lanni said, is often easier than dealing with "some of our peers." Homophobia exists everywhere, including among other deputies, Bell said, but Sheriff Lee Baca has taken a stand against it in the department's mission statement.

What the two deputies have accomplished "is something that would be impossible for someone outside the culture who doesn't have good relationships within the department," said Mary Sylla, a former jail monitor for the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California who is president of CorrectHELP, an agency that distributes condoms to county inmates.

Bell, Lanni and the other deputies who work the gay dorms are accustomed to what they call the "greater neediness" and "the flamboyance" of some of their inmates. Impromptu weddings -- "complete with bridal gowns," Bell said -- and New Year's Eve fashion shows don't faze them.

The two deputies' commitment to their charges is widely attested to by the inmates. Many say the deputies have more than once rousted them from their bunks and into the showers so they could make it to their life skills class by 7:30 a.m. The deputies also try to stay in touch with inmates after they've been released.

"They're almost father figures or good older brothers to some of the guys," Sylla said. "I've spoken at their graduation ceremonies a couple of times, and I get the feeling that for some of the guys, it's the first time somebody has ever patted them on the back for making healthy choices."

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