UNITED NATIONS — The Sudanese government has failed to stop attacks on black farmers in the western region of Darfur, a senior U.N. official said Monday, the last day of a 30-day grace period the Security Council had granted before considering sanctions against Khartoum.
At the same time, the government has provided aid groups access to the area and says it has arrested about 200 militia leaders responsible for the attacks. Such progress, though uneven, makes the U.N. unlikely to press its threat of economic and diplomatic penalties just yet, diplomats said Monday.
Some on the Security Council argue that punitive measures would isolate and alienate U.N. members who cooperate with their requests and would remove any remaining incentives for others to reform.
Instead of sanctions, many are pushing for greater engagement by the African Union, which recently deployed 310 Rwandan and Nigerian troops to protect 100 monitors of a cease-fire agreement. The United States and the United Nations would like to see as many as 3,000 regional troops in Darfur to help restore stability -- a proposal Khartoum has rejected.