Mark Pollock is a Napa-based environmental lawyer, a former Bay Area student radical and lover of fine food. Gloria Alvarez is a resident of Culver City who, for the last 33 years, has owned and operated Gloria's Cake & Candy Supplies, a tiny Westside culinary landmark jammed into a former American Legion Hall near the intersection of Sawtelle and Venice. Pollock and the seventysomething Alvarez have more than a little in common.
To be precise, on April 23, 2003, Pollock and his lone associate, Evangeline James, sued Alvarez and a who's who of names from the bakery world: "Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia Inc.; Dean & Deluca Inc.; Chefshop.com Inc.; Pfeil & Holing Inc.; Kitchen Etc.; Q.A. Products Inc.; Confectionary House; Beryl's Cake Decorating & Pastry Supplies; American Cake Supply; Albert Uster Imports Inc.; Do It With Icing; Cooking.com Inc.; Candyland Crafts Inc.; Favors by Lisa; Sugarbakers Cake, Candy and Wedding Supplies Inc.; Kitchen Conservatory Inc.; American Gourmet Foods Inc.; Annerose Hess d.b.a. Ohess; Pastry Wiz; Barry Farm Enterprises; GM Cake and Candy Supplies d.b.a. Cybercakes; Babykakes; and Does 1 through 100 inclusive."
Pollock's lawsuit swept through the close-knit world of American cake decorating like a hot knife through icing. Despite no law specifically outlawing dragees, private citizen Pollock took it upon himself to rid every last supermarket shelf, specialty food store and mail-order purveyor in California of those tiny silver-covered sugar balls you've been licking or flicking off the top of your cupcakes since you were a tyke.
Pollock's suit was an attempt to get a potentially dangerous substance out of the hands and stomachs of the California public. But to Alvarez and her colleagues, it was as if they were being blackmailed by a distant tree-hugger.
Looking at the bigger picture, however, their confrontation becomes a battle between good health and environmental toxins; political correctness and practical sense; Big Government and laissez faire; baby boomer foodies and the much younger fist-waving progressives. But in the end, it was no contest. Can you guess who won?
"I was surprised. I was nauseated," Alvarez says, recalling the day she was served with Pollock's lawsuit. She is a usually good-natured woman with the round-cheeked face of a Madame Alexander doll. Her store is overflowing with products such as Barbie-shaped baking pans, bride-and-groom wedding cake decorations and many, many shades of coloring gel and "luster dust."
She was baffled by the lawsuit. Alarmed, she hired a lawyer to negotiate a settlement and removed the dragees from her store shelves. Her final bill was $3,000, most of which, she says with some embarrassment, went to pay her own attorney.
She then called her insurance company to see if she was covered for the legal expense and loss of business. No, said the company, because it's legal to sell silver dragees in California as long as they are in packages or bottles labeled "Not for Human Consumption" or "For Decorating Purposes Only," which they are. There is no federal law prohibiting their sale. Of course, says Alvarez, for whom dragee sales ("Mostly for gingerbread houses") amount to less than 5% of her business, people have been known to pop a silver dragee or three into their mouths, especially at Christmastime. But so what? "Nobody's ever gotten sick from dragees," she says. "And they've been eating these things, especially in Europe, for hundreds of years."
Pollock tells a different story. "This is a poison," he says, gesturing at several bottles of dragees on his conference room table. "It is, by [the manufacturers'] own admission, not edible. And yet they're producing it in a way that induces consumption. They're making it out of sugar and intentionally allowing it to be put on--desserts!"
Point taken. The 56-year-old Pollock speaks with confident authority. Although he is an unreconstructed radical, he looks great in a lawyer's crisp striped dress shirt, dress pants and tie. A former SDS member, he entered law school at the University of La Verne to help cleanse the system from within.
His first encounter with dragees, he recalls, was in December 1992, when he was heading the Solano County district attorney's environmental crime unit. While shopping in his local supermarket, he passed the cake decorating display and spotted something unusual. "I saw the little silver dragees sitting up there along with the little pink hearts and the chocolate sprinkles and the other confections. And I noticed something that I hadn't seen before." That was, he says, the notice that silver dragees should be used only as decoration.
"And I thought: That's weird. I've eaten these things. These are typically on a Christmas cookie that is shaped like a Christmas tree and the little silver balls are like little jawbreakers. What do you mean 'Use only as a decoration?' "