BRZEZINKA, Poland — Frail survivors and humbled world leaders mourned the victims of the Holocaust on Thursday, the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, and urged the world to never forget.
Candles flickered in the dusk at the sprawling Auschwitz-Birkenau Nazi death camp, which Israeli President Moshe Katsav called "the capital of the kingdom of death."
During World War II, 1.5 million people, mostly Jews, were killed at the site. Others who perished included Soviet prisoners of war, Poles, Gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals and political opponents of the Nazis.
The haunting commemoration was held at the place where new arrivals stumbled out of railroad cattle cars and were met by Nazi doctors, who chose a few to be worked to death; the rest were sent to gas chambers. Others died of starvation, exhaustion, beatings and disease.