According to prosecutors, Islamic Concern Project, a charity founded by Al-Arian, sent money to Palestinian Islamic Jihad, families of suicide bombers and families of Islamic Jihad members imprisoned in Israel.
A Tampa think tank started by Al-Arian also allegedly assisted Palestinian Islamic Jihad, which was designated a terrorist organization and threat to the Middle East peace process by President Clinton in a Jan. 23, 1995, executive order.
The indictment paints a portrait of Al-Arian starkly different from the affable human rights activist depicted by supporters. At an April 1991 meeting in Cleveland, for instance, Al-Arian allegedly called on attendees "to damn the allies of America and Israel to death," and said Muslims should go to the Holy Land not for tourism but for jihad, or holy war.
In a November 2001 interview with the Los Angeles Times, Al-Arian said his rhetoric had been misunderstood.
"When you say 'death to Israel,' you mean death to the system that is oppressing the Palestinian people," he said.
According to the indictment, some defendants used the University of South Florida to obtain "cover" as faculty members or students.
They also allegedly used academic meetings at the institution as a pretext for inviting other Palestinian Islamic Jihad members and associates to the United States.