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The Brotherhoods The True Story of Two Cops Who Murdered for the Mafia Guy Lawson and William Oldham Scribner: 512 pp., $27.50

December 24, 2006|Miles Corwin | Miles Corwin is the author of "The Killing Season," "And Still We Rise" and "Homicide Special."

IN 1994, an underboss of the Lucchese crime family, Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso, flipped. He was in federal custody, facing numerous murder and racketeering counts, when he informed FBI agents that, in return for a "pad" of $4,000 a month, two New York City Police Department detectives had regularly slipped him confidential information from police and FBI organized-crime files: names and addresses of confidential informants -- who were then knocked off -- tipoffs on raids and phone taps, and advance warnings of arrests.

For almost a decade, Casso said that the two detectives, Stephen Caracappa and Louis Eppolito, conducted secret investigations for the Lucchese family. Eventually, Casso claimed, he hired the detectives as hit men. They used their badges to put unsuspecting gangland targets at ease, killed them and collected payoffs of up to $100,000.

But what makes "The Brotherhoods" even more alarming is the criminal negligence of law enforcement officials, who showed little interest in bringing Caracappa and Eppolito to justice. "The Brotherhoods" chronicles years of egregious police corruption and the stupefying bureaucratic indifference that allowed it to flourish. It was not until 11 years after Casso first fingered the two cops that they were finally arrested. But even then, there was another twist that the authors couldn't have foreseen: After receiving life sentences earlier this year, the two had their convictions thrown out by a judge who ruled that the statute of limitations had expired. At the time of their arrest, a DEA agent said, "It's been a long time coming." Well, it's still not over. The book, which was published in November, closes with the government's appeal of the ruling.

Investigative journalist Guy Lawson teamed up for this book with William Oldham, a retired NYPD detective who spearheaded the police corruption investigation as an investigator for the U.S. attorney's office in Brooklyn. Oldham brings an insider's insight and analysis to this absorbing book, which serves as a cautionary tale to all police departments. Because the NYPD brass did not assiduously follow up on the signs of corruption, the job of every cop in the department was made infinitely more difficult.

Eppolito and Caracappa were longtime best friends and former partners as young detectives in south Brooklyn. Thin, quiet and with a preference for dark suits, Caracappa was called "the Prince of Darkness" by other detectives. He was also one of the department's top detectives, a go-to guy in the elite Major Case Squad, which investigated high-profile, difficult-to-solve cases. Caracappa had "written the book on organized crime murders in New York," the authors explain. "If a wise guy was killed in Queens or the Bronx and the homicide detective who caught the case wanted to know how his victim fit in the Mafia, he would look in Caracappa's book for connections."

Eppolito, on the other hand, was "fat, loud, foul-mouthed ... with a thick mustache and a taste for gold chains.... He was a conspicuous cop -- he dressed like a wise guy...." He also wrote a memoir called "Mafia Cop: The Story of an Honest Cop Whose Family Was the Mob." Given his family's connections with organized crime, it is remarkable that NYPD screeners let Eppolito on the force. His grandfather -- "Diamond Louie" -- and his father -- "Fat the Gangster" -- were members of the Gambino crime family. Eppolito served as his father's bagman when he was a boy, handing cash to local cops so they wouldn't break up Fat the Gangster's dice and poker games. At his father's funeral (the FBI took surveillance photos of the numerous organized-crime figures in attendance), Eppolito was slipped notes by wise guys with phone numbers and names for Mafia-controlled union work.

After killing some time at a no-work job set up by a Gambino relative, Eppolito, bored and looking for action, decided to join the NYPD. His father, had he been alive, Eppolito wrote in his book, "would have killed me himself." But to Eppolito's way of thinking, he was simply exchanging one brotherhood for another.

Eppolito retired before his memoir was published; Caracappa didn't. He was still on the force, and in the author's note for "Mafia Cop," Eppolito calls him "my closest and dearest friend." When Oldham came across a copy of Eppolito's memoir in the early 1990s, he was assigned to the Major Case Squad along with Caracappa. Oldham was stunned that Caracappa, a detective first-grade with access to the department's most sensitive intelligence, would be best friends with a dubious, dangerous character like Eppolito. This was Oldham's first indication that the Mafia might have made inroads into the NYPD.

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