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Years in the making

And now for a slow pan through notable developments in the life of the movies and TV.

May 21, 2006|Casey Dolan and Robin Mayper | Times Staff Writers


1886 The wife of real estate developer Harvey Henderson Wilcox, Daeida, names her ranch "Hollywood."


1902 The Electric Theater downtown charges a dime for admission to watch one-reelers.

1907 The Los Angeles Times decries motion picture shows, deemed to be firetraps and dens of iniquity.

1909 The first permanent studio here, Selig Polyscope Co., is established.


1910 Hollywood is annexed by L.A. D.W. Griffith makes "In Old California" for Biograph -- the first film shot in Hollywood.

For The Record
Los Angeles Times Saturday May 27, 2006 Home Edition Main News Part A Page 2 National Desk 1 inches; 49 words Type of Material: Correction
Animation history: A timeline in Sunday's Hollywood section stated that "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" was the first animated color feature in 1937. This is true for American film, but the animated "Die Abenteuer des Prinzen Achmed" (The Adventures of Prince Achmed) was produced in 1926 in Germany.
For The Record
Los Angeles Times Saturday July 01, 2006 Home Edition Main News Part A Page 2 National Desk 1 inches; 40 words Type of Material: Correction
Dorothy Dandridge: A timeline in the May 21 Hollywood Commemorative Edition said Dorothy Dandridge in 1955 was the first African American to be nominated for an Academy Award. She was the first African American to be nominated for best actress.

1912 Universal Pictures is founded by Carl Laemmle. In quick succession, Adolph Zukor forms Famous Players, Mack Sennett starts the Keystone Film Co., William Fox forms the Fox Film Foundation and the Mutual Film Corp. is created.

1914 Mack Sennett makes the first feature-length comedy, "Tillie's Punctured Romance." Mary Pickford signs a deal for $104,000 a year.

1915 D.W. Griffith's "Birth of a Nation" is released, introducing story flashbacks, dramatic close-ups, cross-cutting.

1916 The Jesse L. Lasky Co. merges with Adolph Zukor's Famous Players Film Co.; Paramount Pictures is formed. Charlie Chaplin signs a deal for $675,000 a year. Times editorials laud the industry's help in local economic growth.

1918 Jack, Albert, Harry and Samuel Warner open their first West Coast studio. Grauman's Million Dollar Theater opens at Broadway and 3rd with "The Silent Man."

1919 Charlie Chaplin, D.W. Griffith, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford form United Artists in a bid to control their own work.


1921 Actress Virginia Rappe dies from a sexually related assault at a San Francisco party; comedian Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle is indicted for manslaughter. He eventually is exonerated of the crime, but his career never recovers.

1922 Former Postmaster General Will Hays heads the new Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America. Director William Desmond Taylor is murdered; the crime is never solved. Rin Tin Tin appears.

1923 Warner Bros. is officially born. The Holly-

woodland sign is erected to publicize a new housing development. A 16-page tabloid magazine dedicated to film, Pre-View, appears in The Times.

1924 MGM is created from a merger of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures and the Louis B. Mayer Co. Columbia Pictures, founded by Jack and Harry Cohn and Joseph Brandt, is formed from CBC Film Sales.

1927 Grauman's Chinese Theatre opens with C.B. DeMille's "The King of Kings."

1928 Mickey Mouse appears in "Steamboat Willie," thanks to the Disney Studios on Hyperion Avenue.

1929 The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences holds its first ceremony in the Blossom Room of the Hollywood Roosevelt. "Wings" wins best picture based on production, and "Sunrise" based on artistic merit.


1930 The Hays Production Code is adopted. The no-nos include profanity, "licentious or suggestive nudity," drug trafficking, scenes of childbirth, willful offense to any nation, race or creed. Garbo speaks in "Anna Christie": "Give me a whiskey, ginger ale on the side. And don't be stingy, baby."

1933 Variety opens a West Coast office. The Screen Actors Guild is established.

1935 "Becky Sharp" becomes the first feature film to use Technicolor's three-color process. A critic quips that the actors look like "boiled salmon dipped in mayonnaise."

1937 "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs," the first animated feature, is released.

1938 Jackie Coogan's mother refuses to give her son his past earnings. Coogan sues and the California Child Actor's Bill is born. It requires that 15% of a child's earnings be set aside in trust.

1939 The proverbial "Greatest Year in Film History" includes such titles as "Gone With the Wind," "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington," "Ninotchka," "Stagecoach," "The Wizard of Oz," "Dark Victory," and "Only Angels Have Wings."


1940 Bugs Bunny says "Eh, what's up, Doc?" in "A Wild Hare."

1941 All Hearst publications ban advertising for the film. Greta Garbo retires at 36.

1942 Orson Welles, Hollywood's new enfant terrible, receives nominations for producer, actor, director and writer for "Citizen Kane."

1946 The Motion Pictures Code allows films to show drug trafficking as long as they do not "stimulate curiosity." A strike over the status of set decorators results in 17,000 film employees not working. RCA Records introduces the 45-rpm record, presenting the three-minute popular song.

1948 The "Hollywood 10" are charged with contempt of Congress and jailed for refusing to answer the question "Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?"

1949 Ingrid Bergman runs off with Roberto Rossellini. Both are married at the time.


1950 Television rears its head, bringing declines in film attendance. Hollywood responds with more use of color, wide-screen presentations and gimmicks.

1951 Hearings resume on spread of communism in film industry; more than 200 people are blacklisted.

1952 James Stewart signs an independent contract to share in the profits of "A Bend in the River."

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