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Measure aimed at crimes against gays dropped

'We don't have the votes' for the House measure tied to a defense bill, aide says.

December 07, 2007|From the Associated Press

WASHINGTON — Congress has dropped legislation that would have expanded the scope of hate crimes to include attacks on gays after it became clear the measure wouldn't pass the House, aides said Thursday.

The bill, sponsored by Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.), was widely supported by Democrats and some moderate Senate Republicans. But because it was attached to a major defense policy bill that would have authorized more money for the Iraq war, many antiwar Democrats said they would oppose it.

"We don't have the votes," said one House Democratic aide, who spoke on condition of anonymity because conference negotiations on the defense bill were continuing. "We're about 40 votes short, not four or six."

The development is a blow to civil-rights groups that say broadening federal laws is necessary to address a rise in crimes motivated by hate and based on a person's sexual orientation or gender identity.

The military bill was "the last clear chance this year for Congress to make a meaningful effort to stop hate-crime violence," said Wade Henderson, president of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights.

In a joint statement issued Thursday, Kennedy and Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.) said they were disappointed that the House refused to attempt a vote on the package, even if it would have failed. Levin, chairman of the Armed Services Committee, oversees the defense bill.

"At a time when our ideals are under attack by terrorists in other lands, it is more important than ever to demonstrate that we practice what we preach, and that we are doing all we can to root out the bigotry and prejudice in our own country that leads to similar violence here at home," the senators said.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-San Francisco) said she was "strongly committed" to the bill and will continue to work to send it to President Bush. But, she added, "it is clear that attaching the language to the [Defense Department] authorization bill would not create a successful outcome in the House."

Under current federal law, hate crimes include acts of violence against individuals on the basis of race, religion, color or national origin. Federal prosecutors have jurisdiction only if the victim is engaged in a specific federally protected activity such as voting.

Kennedy's bill would have extended the category to include sexual orientation, gender, gender identity or disability. It also would give federal authorities greater leeway to participate in hate crime investigations, and allow them to step in if local authorities were unwilling or unable to act.

The measure would have provided $10 million over the next two years to help local law enforcement officials cover the cost of hate crime prosecutions.

The bill is named for Matthew Shepard, a gay college freshman who died after he was beaten into a coma in 1998 near Laramie, Wyo.

The Senate voted 60-39 in September to attach the bill as an amendment to the 2008 defense authorization bill. Nine Republicans broke ranks and sided with Democrats in support of the measure.

The House did not include similar provisions in its version of the defense bill, which it passed in May by a 397-27 vote.

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