Tailgating isn't just for tailgates anymore.
What used to be a simple pregame picnic lunch served out of the back of a pickup truck or station wagon has become a multibillion-dollar business that, to some fans, is more important than the game itself.
And few people know that better than Jeff Campbell, owner and, until recently, sole employee of Gameday Customs of Long Beach. Campbell outfits trailers designed specifically for the care and feeding of tailgaters.
Small enough to fit in a garage or an RV spot in a football stadium parking lot, Campbell's trailers cost from $13,900 to $18,500 and come equipped with a wet bar, a flat screen TV and satellite dish, a "kegerator" for keeping the suds cool and a 1,000-watt generator. There is even a toilet to accommodate frequent visitors to the kegerator.
It's a business Campbell, 56, learned the hard way. In the 1970s, his family owned Sportland Trailer Sales and RV, a recreational vehicle company that boasted sales outlets in Long Beach, El Monte and Arizona. It had a manufacturing plant in Paramount.
Campbell joined the family business after graduating from USC in 1974, just in time for the first oil shock to send the RV industry into a nose dive. The company soldiered on for a few years, but the second oil crisis in 1979 finished it off.
"It was tough to sell RVs when gas lines were going around the block and interest rates were at 20%," Campbell said. "Timing's everything, and we had none."
His timing may be better this time around. Launched on a shoestring in December 2005, Gameday hit the market amid a boom in tailgating.
Claiming 50 million practitioners nationwide, the tailgating industry has its own trade association, a magazine and a convention that drew 25,000 people to Las Vegas last year. Membership in the American Tailgater Assn., founded just three years ago, already has reached 150,000, according to Kevin Miller, publisher of Tailgater magazine.
"Tailgating is so huge that some people go to the stadium just to tailgate and not even to go to the game," said Darryl Dunn, general manager of the Rose Bowl.
He estimates that 10,000 people who "attended" last year's USC-UCLA game in Pasadena never made it inside the stadium. (It's gotten to the point that the Rose Bowl may try to limit tailgating by non-game goers to lessen traffic problems and ensure there's enough parking for ticket holders, Dunn said.)
Tailgating is most popular at college and pro football games and NASCAR races, although Jimmy Buffett concerts -- which attract legions of dedicated "parrotheads" -- also draw notable tailgating crowds, Miller said.
The reasons for the explosive growth are hard to pin down. Miller and others speak of the shared passion for a sports team or stock car driver and the camaraderie of sharing a beer and some smoked brisket with friends and fellow fans before an event.
Whatever the reason, the advent of advanced tailgating equipment like Campbell's trailers has definitely amped up the experience.
"Ten years ago, we were sitting in the parking lot in my Volkswagen van with a bag of chips and a fifth of vodka," said Kevin Anderson, 42, of Huntington Beach, who went in with his brother-in-law last March on a $17,000 Gameday trailer. "Now, we have 40 to 75 people at our tailgate."
Anderson, a 1986 USC grad, even gave Campbell an impromptu radio plug when he mentioned the company's products during an interview with a local sports talk radio station before last month's USC-UCLA game, where he was tailgating outside the Coliseum.
Campbell expects to sell 22 trailers this year (about $400,000 in sales) and hopes to increase that to 30 to 40 next year. After a slow start, he said, he's now turning a profit -- a nice trick for a 2-year-old business.
The idea for Gameday Customs came while he and a friend were tailgating before the USC-Cal game four years ago. A guy with a beat-up old trailer outfitted with a grill and a satellite dish inspired Campbell's friend to suggest that they try to build their own.
The first trailer, jury-rigged in his friend's Belmont Shore garage, was intended to be their personal party wagon. But the reaction from the tailgating community hinted at bigger things.
"We took it to the SC games and the response was so positive we thought that maybe this was a viable business," Campbell said.
Using $50,000 of his own money as start-up capital -- all but cracking his nest egg in the process -- Campbell set up shop in rented industrial space in Long Beach.
He bought several stripped-down, two-wheeled trailers from an Arizona outfit called Wells Cargo and gave them the full Gameday treatment.
That was mistake No. 1.
Turns out not everyone needs to keep a keg cold, so for some early customers, he had to pull out the kegerator and install a mini fridge instead. Or maybe they wanted a bigger TV or more powerful generator.