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Religious freedom won't be sacrificed

THE NATION : DISPATCH FROM CORAL GABLES, FLA.

A Santeria priest files a lawsuit stemming from a police raid during a worship ritual.

August 11, 2008|Richard Fausset | Times Staff Writer

Jesus Suarez, a Santeria priest, had slit the throat of one goat that June afternoon. He had three more goats, two sheep and 44 chickens to go.

But before he could finish the ritual sacrifice, Coral Gables police swarmed the house where he and some 20 other followers of the Afro-Cuban religion had gathered to worship.

The officers, Suarez recalls, pointed their guns at the devotees and screamed at them to freeze. Suarez could hear a couple of worshipers in the front yard yelling, "No dispare!" Don't shoot!

Soon there were TV vans on the street. Suarez counted 25 police cars.

"Why are you violating our civil rights?" Suarez asked them.

Soon thereafter, word of the raid made its way to the great defender of Santeria in the United States. That would be Ernesto Pichardo -- high priest, physical extension of the fire spirit Shango and co-founder of the Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, the first incorporated Santeria church in the nation.

If officials in this upscale city were expecting to confront a serene mystic in flowing robes, well, that isn't Ernesto Pichardo.

Pichardo, 53, prefers loafers and slacks. He is a small man with a weather-worn face and a comb-over, a chain smoker and a trash-talker, argumentative, opinionated and occasionally profane. He is a proud member of the Cuban American bourgeoisie and a Republican. Yet his streetwise English carries a hint of Abbie Hoffman, with sentences that often end with a sardonic "man."

Pichardo, by his own admission, has "authority issues" that stem from the hostility and misunderstanding that his religion has garnered over the years.

"I'm a son of Shango," he said, referring to the Santerian deity, or orisha, with whom he claims a special bond. "I'm a fire god. That's what I do is start fires."

After the 2007 raid, Pichardo demanded an apology from Coral Gables Mayor Don Slesnick and a promise that his police would take sensitivity classes. Slesnick, who would not comment for this article, refused.

So this summer Pichardo filed a lawsuit demanding public information that officials had not turned over. He is hoping the worshipers will use that information as the basis for future federal civil rights complaints.

"It's almost offensive, the mentality of the Coral Gables mayor," Pichardo said. "To him, it seems that it's OK to practice these backwards African things in some other city, just not [his]."

He added: "This is how I see it, man. This is a white little Cuban guy talking, OK?"

Pichardo sees nothing odd about a white man defending a religion with roots in West Africa. Many whites have adopted Santeria since slaves imported it to the New World. The gathering in the Coral Gables house included both blacks and whites.

His family was introduced to the faith by a former slave who worked as a cook in his grandparents' Havana home. Pichardo's mother took the religion with her when the family fled Cuba for Florida in 1960.

As a boy in working-class Hialeah, Fla., Pichardo was familiar with some aspects of Santeria -- the divinations, the drumming, the elaborate ceremonies -- but didn't become fully involved until 1971. At the time, administrators were trying to drum him out of high school for associating with the wrong crowd. They eventually succeeded. He never finished.

"My entire life as I knew it was disrupted at age 16," he said. "And all of a sudden, here's this explanation for everything."

His friends' parents, he said, shunned him for joining what they considered a cult. At an early ritual, he remembers worshipers feared being arrested for their animal sacrifices.

"I said, 'Arrested for what?' " Pichardo recalls. "You've got to be kidding!"

He apprenticed for years under a mixed-race priest named Roque Duarte, who had been ordained in Cuba in the 1940s. He learned the healing powers of plants, and became intimate with the various orishas and their connections to nature. He learned, he claims, to divine the future from shells.

In 1974, he and other worshipers incorporated the church. It was a novel move for a religion that, until then, had been largely unstructured in the United States. But Pichardo believed Santeria needed to be more organized in order to enjoy its full legal rights.

He put those rights to the test in the late 1980s, when he tried to open a worship hall in the center of Hialeah. Many of his fellow Cuban Americans howled in protest. Some said it was Satanic or anti-Christian.

They also protested the slaying of animals on the property, and in 1987, the City Council passed a law banning "public ritualistic animal sacrifices." The church argued that its constitutional religious rights had been violated, and six years later, the law was struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.

Pichardo was thrilled, but he was also realistic.

"When we won in 1993, there was a room of white reporters who said, 'What does this mean to you?' I said, 'The only thing it means to me is a beginning. Now's when it starts.' "

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