California, the ATM for politicians nationwide, has spit out cash for Barack Obama at an extraordinary clip. One of every five dollars he has raised in itemized contributions to his campaign has come from the Golden State.
At last count, in mid-October, the Democratic presidential nominee had withdrawn $84 million from California, or 20% of his contributions of more than $200 -- the threshold at which campaigns must disclose detailed information about donors.
The $84 million was two-thirds more than Obama collected from the next most generous state, New York. It also exceeds the $83.7 million raised in California for all federal races a decade ago, when the state emerged as the richest source of campaign money.
John McCain got far less from California, a state that is expected today to vote heavily for Obama. The Republican nominee raised $25 million.
A Times analysis of California's role in bankrolling federal elections also found that the state has contributed a larger slice of the campaign accounts for the major party candidates than in 2004. Obama's take, one-fifth of his itemized contributions, was up from John F. Kerry's 17%. McCain's California contribution was 12%, higher than George W. Bush's 10%.
Federal Election Commission records show that Californians have provided 13% of the $2.6 billion in itemized donations raised by candidates for president and Congress and by the two major parties. Millions have been sent to hopefuls nationwide, notably Democrats seeking U.S. Senate seats, including Al Franken in Minnesota, Mark Udall in Colorado and Jeanne Shaheen in New Hampshire.
Californians have also sent $33 million to independent campaign groups.
But nowhere has the state's impact been more apparent than in the presidential race.
About 126,000 Californians made donations to Obama and McCain. Most of the money has come from people who list their occupation as self-employed, retiree, student or homemaker.
Obama tapped employees of Silicon Valley companies, Hollywood studios, law firms, universities, state and local governments, and many others.
Among employers, Obama's single largest source was the University of California, with professors and other employees contributing $1.3 million.
Among California-based companies, Google employees were Obama's richest source, at $562,241.
Nationally, Google's employees almost tied Microsoft's as Obama's largest source of money from a single company -- $727,000 from workers at Google and $729,000 from those at Microsoft.
McCain's donors hail from real estate, investment and law firms, and a mix of telecommunications, oil and other companies. Employees of the Irvine Co., the Orange County developer, were McCain's largest source, at $66,601.
Some of these donors have big hopes for the next administration. A few may become ambassadors; others may see their law partners become judges. Many work in industries that have major interests in Washington, D.C., and will expect access to the next administration.
Many are like William Bloomfield and Jamie Alter Lynton -- true believers.
Neither Bloomfield nor Lynton is sure how much they've raised for their respective candidates. They haven't kept track. Certainly, each raised hundreds of thousands.
Lynton, whose husband, Michael, is chairman of Sony Pictures Entertainment, comes from a politically active family and used to work for CNN. But until Obama came on the scene, she had never gotten so deeply involved in a campaign.
She helped put on perhaps 10 fundraisers for the Illinois senator and spent 30 hours a week volunteering for Obama, a candidate she believes is transforming politics and, she hopes, the nation's reputation in the world.
"Barack Obama asked me to do something for my country. No one had ever asked," Lynton said. "He said, 'We can do this together.' It was an immediate wake-up call. He said there is a path to make this world better, and make this country a better place."
Bloomfield is every bit as passionate for McCain. He had been a modest donor in past elections. But he had never gone all-in for a candidate, until now.
He sold his business -- he provided washing machines and dryers to apartments and colleges in the Western United States -- and moved from Manhattan Beach to Arlington, Va., where McCain has his headquarters.
Now he volunteers full time for McCain, a man he believes could be this century's Abraham Lincoln.
"That is heady stuff for someone who has been in the laundry business," Bloomfield said. He'd do it all over again, "in a heartbeat. It's the best thing I've ever done."
The scores of financial reports that the campaigns have filed with the Federal Election Commission also offer a measure of the candidates' appeal.
Obama's attraction to young voters is evident in his fundraising. He raised $820,000 from Californians who described themselves as students, to McCain's $56,000.