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Lula's stature grows in S. America

Brazil's president has emerged as the chief mediator in the region, boosted by soaring popularity and strong economic growth.

October 05, 2008|Chris Kraul and Patrick J. Mcdonnell | Times Staff Writers

SAO PAULO, BRAZIL — Buoyed by a robust economy and his ability to work with leaders across the ideological spectrum, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has emerged as the chief power broker and mediator in South America.

Lula's rise has paralleled the decline of U.S. influence in its "backyard," analysts say, a result in part of Washington's plummeting global prestige and the Bush administration's unremitting focus on the Middle East.

A moderate with an unassailable leftist background, Lula has become the point man for healing regional crises such as the current turmoil in Bolivia and the recent escalation of tensions among Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador.

Lula, who survived overlapping corruption scandals, exudes the persona of a level-headed leader who eschews ideology for solutions. The can-do image and the country's economic prosperity have helped win him soaring popularity at home and abroad.

"Lula is the ultimate pragmatist," said former Finance Minister Delfim Netto, an advisor.

The president seems intent on fulfilling Brazil's long-unrealized economic and political potential and making it a recognized world power, starting by asserting its role as South America's preeminent presence.

Lula's skills as a mediator probably will be tested as the region enters a renewed period of uncertainty: the prospect of civil war in Bolivia, a shaky leftist government headed by an ex-bishop in Paraguay, Venezuela's emerging alliances with Russia and Iran, and a new U.S. president to be elected in the midst of a financial crisis that probably will continue sending ripples through the hemisphere.

Lula, who began a second term in 2007, has increasingly asserted his influence as he and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez vie for the hearts and minds of contemporary Latin Americans. Venezuela's arms deals and foreign alliances have played a role in Brazil's decision to bolster its military, analysts say.

"Since the beginning of his second term, Lula began to compete vigorously to counter Chavez's aspirations as a regional leader," noted Julio Burdman, an Argentine political analyst.

But Lula's aims transcend any competition with Chavez, whose nation is much smaller than Brazil. Lula has loftier goals, even pushing for a permanent seat for Brazil on the U.N. Security Council, however unlikely.

Whether he's sloughing off Chavez's strident anti-Americanism or privatizing roads and power plants in Brazil, the former union firebrand who emerged from the assembly lines of Sao Paulo has repeatedly defied stereotypes since taking office in 2003 as the avatar of a new generation of leftist leaders. He has gone from being what some considered a radical bent on imposing socialism to a free-market champion who still funds social programs for the poor.

Lula enjoys a warm relationship with President Bush and was a guest last year at Camp David. But he's no U.S. patsy, challenging Washington on economic and security issues when he sees Brazil's interests at stake

On Tuesday, Lula assailed Bush's farewell address to the U.N. General Assembly last month for downplaying the U.S. financial meltdown.

"I thought he would make a goodbye speech that talked a little about the economic crisis," Lula, appearing disappointed, told reporters in New York. "He took the option of talking about terrorism again."

Lula also has gone toe-to-toe with U.S. trade negotiators as informal leader of the "Group of 20" developing nations, blocking trade deals that incorporate U.S. and European farm subsidies that the group says are unfair.

But for U.S. policymakers, Lula is a welcome counter-weight to Chavez's yanqui-bashing bluster. Last month in Santiago, Chile, Lula trumped Chavez at an emergency summit of South American leaders seeking to calm widening conflict in Bolivia, which shares a long border with Brazil.

The Brazilian president insisted that the group's final declaration omit anti-Washington invective -- to the dismay of Chavez and Bolivian President Evo Morales, both of whom have expelled U.S. ambassadors for alleged coup-mongering.

Many analysts conclude that the days of Washington calling the shots are gone -- collateral damage, in part, from the attacks of Sept. 11.

"That's when the U.S. clearly began focusing its attention on the Middle East, Afghanistan and Iraq, and many sensed the loss of engagement with the region," said Peter De Shazo, a former deputy assistant secretary of State for the Western Hemisphere now at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington.

In Venezuela, Chavez survived a short-lived 2002 coup that he blamed on Washington, and returned with renewed anti-U.S. fervor. Chavez lured allies with petrodollars and Cold War-era oratory as the Bush administration went to war in Iraq.

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