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Forgo credit cards to keep spending in check

October 27, 2008|Candace Choi | Choi writes for the Associated Press.

Here's one way to dodge credit card debt and late fees: Don't carry any plastic.

"People look at me like I'm an anomaly. But guess what? It's a whole lot easier when you're not juggling debt," said Paige LeFevre, a 41-year-old Atlanta resident.

The idea of living without credit cards is getting more attention at a time when Americans hold more than $850 billion in credit card debt, four times as much as in 1990.

Of course there are significant benefits that come with credit cards -- convenience being a key one -- so be sure to weigh them carefully before rushing to close your accounts.

One concern is the role credit cards play in building your credit and maintaining a credit history. Remember that building good credit is important if you're in the market for a mortgage or other type of loan. Prospective landlords or employers often run credit checks too. So holding on to your credit cards -- even if you don't use them often -- may be in your best interest.

Credit cards also offer certain consumer protections; for instance, issuers will often refund charges for faulty products. Cards are also necessary to rent a car and, if managed properly, can reap financial perks through rewards programs.

LeFevre says her vow of plastic abstinence came after she ran up $40,000 in debt while remodeling her home two years ago. But as a homeowner with a steady job for six years, LeFevre wasn't overly concerned about her credit score.

"It's just too easy to use," said LeFevre, who works for a retirement investment advising company.

She has since paid off her debt with a number of drastic measures, including trading in her car for a cheaper model, getting a roommate and selling many of her belongings. She also axed her cable package, manicures and eating out. Now she keeps her spending in check by taking out $200 in cash every week for groceries and gas.

For LeFevre and others, keeping plastic around simply leaves the door open to temptation. The reasons for credit card debt no doubt vary, however, and in many cases is the result of financial hardship.

According to the Consumer Federation of America, a nonprofit advocacy group, 58% of people with credit cards don't pay their balance in full every month. Those who carry a debt have an average balance of $17,103, according to the group.

So how can you cut back? One option is simply to leave your plastic at home for a few months at a time. A credit card needs to be used only about once every six months or so for the credit line on the account to count toward your FICO score, said Barry Paperno, a spokesman for Fair Isaac Corp., the company that created the FICO credit score.

Making small charges on your card once every few months may improve your score more than frequently running up big charges, Paperno said. That's because your credit utilization -- the percentage of your credit line that's in use -- makes up 30% of your score. So the smaller your outstanding balance in relation to your credit line, the better.

For the same reason, keep in mind that closing your credit cards could lower your score if you have outstanding debt. If you're still determined to rid yourself of plastic, try to whittle down your balance before doing so. Cancel one card at a time, and wait a few months in between each cancellation to lessen the effect on your score.

For Kira Limer, not using credit cards makes it easier to stick to her guiding financial principle: Don't spend money you don't have. It also makes it easier to keep a running tally in her head of how much she's got in the bank.

"If I had a credit card, it would be more difficult to keep track. It could be a lot more trouble than it's worth," said Limer, a 25-year-old New York City resident.

Instead, she relies on a debit card for day-to-day expenses.

"I just like to know for sure I'm not spending beyond my means," said Limer, a resource librarian at an architecture firm.

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