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PROMISE AND PERIL IN SOUTH L.A.

Trouble with a South L.A. gang-intervention agency

Unity T.W.O., a high-profile City Hall contractor, was supposed to be a central player in L.A.'s gang-reduction efforts. But documents portray a troubled, overwhelmed agency.

August 02, 2009|Scott Gold

Even for a gang member, Ivan Valencia led a particularly precarious lifestyle. He was a commuter.

Valencia, 30, was a member of the Temple Street gang, which operates mostly on the southern edge of Silver Lake and Echo Park. He lived seven miles away, on West 55th Street in South Los Angeles -- where five other gangs operated within a quarter-mile of his house.

"He was living out of his area," LAPD Capt. Tina M. Nieto said. "People move all the time in Los Angeles. If you don't make it known, it doesn't become an issue. If you do . . ."

Shortly before noon July 17, Valencia walked from his house to a gritty, weed-choked corner of South Broadway, a stone's throw from the cars zooming past on the 110 Freeway. A friend pulled up in a freight truck and Valencia hopped in; he'd promised to help with deliveries that afternoon. Suddenly, a car roared up. A gunman shot Valencia through the windshield, killing him instantly. Police believe a local gang was responsible.

The slaying was a potentially explosive development. Officials suspect Valencia might have been targeted for living in the "wrong" neighborhood; a new crosstown gang rivalry, they say, could offset the considerable progress that has been made in reducing gang violence in South L.A. The case was tailor-made for gang intervention.

Officials called in Unity T.W.O., a high-profile South L.A. intervention agency and City Hall contractor that has received more than $350,000 in public money this year and considerably more in the previous five years.

Unity T.W.O. never showed up -- and yet, days later, it submitted a standard form to City Hall reporting that it had responded as promised and spoken with gang members in an effort to reduce the tension, according to sources close to the city's gang-reduction efforts.

The discrepancy was the latest, and perhaps last, stumble for Unity T.W.O. According to documents obtained by The Times, including financial reports and e-mails between Unity T.W.O. and City Hall, the agency has left gang-reduction supervisors, city officials and nonprofit executives frustrated with its operation. The documents paint a portrait of a troubled, overwhelmed agency -- of overdrawn bank accounts, blown deadlines and missed payrolls.

Gang-intervention workers, many of them former gangsters themselves, act as liaisons between police and the community; increasingly, the city relies on them to monitor street gossip and prevent revenge shootings. Civic leaders are attempting to professionalize the field, which has long operated on the fringe. Unity T.W.O. was supposed to be a central part of that effort.

Instead, the mayor's gang-reduction office is preparing to sever ties with Unity T.W.O. The agency's slide -- from securing inner-city truces to squabbling over red tape -- may be a portent of the hurdles ahead.

Susan K. Lee, director of urban peace at the Advancement Project, the L.A. public policy nonprofit, said the troubles underscore the growing pains attending the city's efforts to overhaul gang-reduction programs. City Hall, she said, has failed to help traditional grass-roots groups such as Unity T.W.O. develop the "administrative capacity" to operate like regular contractors. At the same time, she said, intervention agencies have to learn to abide by new rules: ethics standards, dress codes, drug testing.

"There is a higher bar being set," Lee said. "There are adjustments that are going to have to be made on both sides."

Unity T.W.O.'s founder, Kevin Mustafa Fletcher, did not return calls seeking comment; he had previously decried the city's decision as "an injustice." The mayor's office has said the decision was "in the best interest of the city" but has declined to elaborate, citing instructions from the city attorney.

Unity T.W.O. was established in 1998 and quickly gained a reputation for fostering "understandings" between rival gangs. The most notable instance occurred in 2004, when Unity T.W.O. helped end a "civil war" between the Swans and the East Coast Crips, two umbrella gangs with membership spanning 21 L.A. neighborhoods.

About the same time, Unity T.W.O. began receiving tax dollars for its efforts -- funneled, at the time, through the nonprofit Toberman Neighborhood Center, which was funded by the city's old and oft-criticized gang-reduction program.

Documents show that although Unity T.W.O. worked as a Toberman subcontractor, it ran out of money and could not account for its spending. By last January, Unity T.W.O. was not paying personnel. And according to a letter written by Toberman's chief financial officer, Unity T.W.O. lied to unpaid workers, claiming that Toberman and the city were withholding funds.

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