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Peru and Bolivia clash -- over claims to 'Devil's Dance'

August 23, 2009|Andrew Whalen | Whalen writes for the Associated Press.

LIMA, PERU — A beauty pageant has set off a beastly battle between Peru and Bolivia, which both claim ownership of the Andean "Devil's Dance."

The Peruvian contender for Miss Universe, Karen Schwarz, set off the feud when she donned a wildly ornate dress, boots and cape -- accompanied by a multicolored, horned headpiece -- as a symbol of the dance allegedly native to her country.

Bolivia immediately cried fraud.

"The devil has his home" in Bolivia's high-plains city of Oruro, said Bolivian Foreign Minister David Choquehuanca. His government began running ads on regionwide television network Telesur and CNN en Espanol staking Bolivia's claim to the dance and has threatened to take the dispute to an international tribunal at the Hague.

And on Thursday night, hundreds of Bolivian dancers and musicians bedecked in the devilish attire swirled fiendishly around La Paz's central Murillo Square for more than three hours.

Last week, a team of Peruvian congressmen stumped through a comparatively shaky performance of the whirling jig in front of Congress.

Congressman Johnny Lescano, from the Puno province bordering Bolivia, called Bolivia's claims "disoriented." The dance "was initially established . . . in Puno and first danced in the mines of Laycacota in 1583," Lescano said.

The Peruvian National Culture Institute was more diplomatic: Director Cecilia Bakula says the dance is not only Bolivian and Peruvian, but Chilean as well.

The dance "represents the battle between the archangel and the seven deadly sins represented by the devil," Bakula said.

"So it's not as ancient as they say; it dates to colonial times."

Peru's relations with Bolivia have traditionally been amicable. But ideological differences between Peru's Alan Garcia and Bolivia's Evo Morales have distanced the brotherly neighbors.

Morales, a left-leaning, Aymara Indian ally of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, has bristled at Garcia's efforts to spread his free-trade fervor to the Andean Community trade group.

Relations further soured when Garcia's government granted asylum to three ex-Bolivian ministers whom Morales is looking to prosecute for their alleged roles in a bloody massacre of protesters in 2003.

Morales has called the hefty Garcia "fatty," and labeled him and former President George W. Bush "the worst presidents in the world." Garcia dismissed the comments as "bar room insults" and has shrugged off the latest spat as a sign of "immaturity."

Schwarz, the Miss Universe candidate, says she wasn't trying to claim the dance as solely Peruvian -- but she didn't seem to mind the attention.

"This whole mess has helped me because Peruvians have taken notice of what I'm doing," she said.

--

Carlos Valdez in La Paz, Bolivia, contributed to this report.

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