They've been changing teams with the frequency of baseball superstars.
Geoff Gilmore, the head of the Sundance Film Festival, left Robert Redford's festival last month to work for another actor of a certain age: Gilmore's now the chief creative officer at Robert De Niro's Tribeca Enterprises, the parent company of the Tribeca Film Festival.
The head Sundance festival programmer, John Cooper, was elevated into Gilmore's job early this month. A day later, Rebecca Yeldham, herself a former Sundance programmer, moved in to oversee the Los Angeles Film Festival, which had lost its director, Richard Raddon, in November.
Kent Jones, the associate director of programming at New York's Film Society of Lincoln Center, left his position earlier this month too. Last year, Christian Gaines exited his post directing the AFI Festival to run the online festival submission/distribution entity Withoutabox, while former South by Southwest programmer Matt Dentler left the Austin, Texas, gathering to work in digital media sales for Cinetic Rights Management.
This recent surge of job switches was not set off by any single fracture within independent film (where a number of top distributors have closed their doors) or inside the festival world (which is suffering its own shakeout, with numerous festivals shutting down). But the moves do underscore how volatile the festival world has suddenly become and how programmers foresee leaner and more focused events in the months ahead.
"There's been more news in the independent film festival world in the last three weeks than I can recall ever happening in my life," says Nancy Schafer, executive director of the increasingly prominent Tribeca Film Festival, whose eighth annual get-together runs in New York from April 22 to May 4.
Says Trevor Groth, a veteran Sundance programmer who also serves as artistic director for the up-and-coming Las Vegas CineVegas Film Festival, marking its 11th edition this summer: "It's indicative of what's happening in the indie world -- there's a lot of change going on."
Taken together, the leadership shifts play up the importance of hiring the right festival director -- typically chosen by a board of directors -- and of the director selecting the right programming staff. Choose well and you're presiding over the next big thing; make a poor choice, your movie-lover event goes the way of Smell-o-Vision.
"Any festival that stays the same risks flat-lining," says Darryl Macdonald, who helped launch the Palm Springs International Film Festival in 1989 and returned in 2003 to reinvigorate it. "The programming was wandering," Macdonald says of the January festival best known for showcasing Oscar-nominated foreign language features. "It needed a makeover."
There are more film festivals today -- this week's lineup includes the Maine Jewish Film Festival, the Cleveland International Film Festival, the Burbank International Film Festival and the , to name only a handful -- than any Caltech astrophysicist can count.
Not surprisingly, the ranks are starting to thin, an inevitable consequence of not only festival glut but also the deteriorating economy. Recently canceled festivals include the Canadian Film Festival, the Whittier Film Festival, New Jersey's Wildwood by the Sea Film Festival, the Jackson Hole Film Festival and Apple's Insomnia Film Festival.
"These are very unstable times. There are cutbacks right, left and center," says Yeldham of the Los Angeles Film Festival, adding that all of the festival's sponsors (including the Los Angeles Times) are returning for this year's event.
"So far, it's looking OK for us. But everybody is looking at their film festivals to see what their personality should be and what their agenda should be."
Keys to a fest
What does it take to keep a festival vital and ensure that it's not swept up in the downsizing that is scorching the globe? In some ways, the baseball free agent comparison is fitting, as festival directors and sluggers share a surprising number of goals.
Festival directors have to hit for average -- it's inevitable a number of selected movies will miss, but it's essential there are many more hits than whiffs. With some festivals showing more than 100 titles (at January's Sundance, 118 films were culled from 3,661 submissions), the odds of numerous strikeouts multiplies.
Like cleanup hitters, festival directors and programming staffs must swing for the fences: Film festivals (just like movie theaters) are filled with forgettable singles and doubles. It's the epic crushes, though, that leave spectators in awe.
And festivals must have a specific identity. Just as Cal Ripken was always a Baltimore Oriole, the Cannes Film Festival has long been the place to find tuxedoed stars flanking topless starlets, while Sundance celebrates arty movies made without studio financing.