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No man dares sit on this Nigerian throne

COLUMN ONE

In Kumbwada, a curse has assured that only women will reign, locals say. And so far, the current queen pronounces, it has worked out better this way.

April 06, 2010|By Robyn Dixon
  • Queen Hajiya Haidzatu Ahmed reigns over the rural Kumbwada kingdom in northern Nigeria.
Queen Hajiya Haidzatu Ahmed reigns over the rural Kumbwada kingdom in northern… (Robyn Dixon / Los Angeles…)

Reporting from Kumbwada, Nigeria — The palace, under a rusted corrugated roof, looks mostly like a shed. Only one delicate pair of feet in its single room is shod, and they are in black rubber flip-flops.

This is the genteel court of Queen Hajiya Haidzatu Ahmed.

The queen's henna-dyed fingers are childlike and slender, her smile girlish and her voice soft. Whenever she speaks, the men who are her courtiers listen, enraptured. Whenever she giggles, they laugh loudly. Whenever she explains some point, they nod solemnly.

In Nigeria's conservative Islamic north, women are barred from ruling, except in the kingdom of Kumbwada. Here, an ancient curse keeps males off the throne, according to locals. Male pretenders who dare to try will be buried within a week.

The last man who wanted to overturn the tradition of female rulers was the queen's father, Prince Amadu Kumbwada, 58 years ago. All he did was say he wanted to succeed his mother, then still alive. He was immediately taken ill.

The prince was rushed to a distant kingdom, where he eventually recovered. He never returned.

"There has never been a male ruler," the queen says, chuckling, a sound like dry, crackling paper. "Even my father just voiced his desire to be chief, but it almost killed him."

Her grandmother, on the throne for 73 years, died when she was 113.

Hajiya was a child when her father tried and failed to become his mother's successor. She was too young to feel any sense of rivalry, but old enough to believe the curse would kill him.

She points up to the nail-pocked iron roof with a mischievous smile, to indicate that it's God's will.

"It's a women's affair," the 65-year-old monarch says. "Women are the rulers and they rule as effectively as men, sometimes even better than men."

These are alien pronouncements in a part of Nigeria where women typically are relegated to second place and strict Sharia, or Islamic law, is the rule.

But in the community Hajiya has ruled for 12 years, women get a sympathetic hearing in cases of wife beating or divorce.

"When domestic issues come to me, the way I treat them will be quite different to other traditional chiefs," she says. "I'm a woman and I'm a mother and I have so much concern and experience when it comes to the issue of marriage and what it means for the maintenance of the home and what it means for two people to live together."

Kumbwada, an undulating region with low, scrubby forest, is so notorious for banditry that the road is dotted with police checkpoints every few miles.

For years, there have been hostile mutterings among northern Islamic clerics in other tribal kingdoms that the curse against male rulers amounts to witchcraft.

"Once there is evidence of the use of black magic in any situation, Islam considers it a deviation which must be reversed," Sheik Aminuddeen Abubakar, imam in the city of Kano, reportedly said several years ago. Reached by phone recently, he stood by his comments.

Musa Muhammad, the chief imam of Kumbwada, defended the queen, saying Kumbwada's position was unique.

"We can't live without a leader, and the fact that any male rulers that ascend the throne die quickly and mysteriously while female rulers reign for many years makes our case a peculiar one," Muhammad says. "This is an exceptional situation none of us can change."

As the traditional ruler, the queen handles disputes such as quarrels over land, divorces, petty violence, accusations of theft and arguments between neighbors. Government courts step in only if a traditional ruler refers a case or if the situation isn't resolved to everyone's satisfaction.

"The royalty have a very important role in Nigerian society," Hajiya says. "Of course we're different than the elected powers. The real power, the confidence, is with us. Politicians think you can buy votes.

"I am closer to the people. The traditional rulers are the ones the people trust."

Outside the palace, goats bleat and chickens cluck. Inside, it's so hot that rivulets of perspiration make their way down people's backs.

The queen could be a simple Nigerian villager in her baggy, shift-like cotton dress and blue-green scarf. She sits on her throne, an extra-wide, spotless armchair that looks designed for either someone very important or someone rather large. The throne is on a platform above her courtiers, elderly men in charge of collecting taxes, hearing complaints or arranging royal audiences.

Since her father's hurried departure, when the princess was 7, she knew she was the heir to the throne. As a child, she played at being queen with other children in the village who were relegated to the roles of domestic servants and courtiers.

"When I was young, there was a very strong peer group of all the children in the village, both boys and girls. We had leaders and other parts like staff among us. I got used to a leadership role, even when I was a child. So I was prepared for this."

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