Reporting from Oakland — Jeff Wilcox lopes across the nearly empty parking lot, aiming for a large brick building. Inside, he excitedly shows off the cavernous space, once used to make wire, vacant now for a decade. He imagines it running 24/7, filled with glowing lights, gurgling irrigation systems, whirling ventilators and workers coaxing thousands of pungent marijuana plants to bud.
And that's just one part of his proposal. Wilcox, a retired builder, owns a campus of aging, idled industrial plants. On a wall in an unused conference room, a sketch of the property shows how he could fill most of the 172,000 square feet with growers raising high-end pot and entrepreneurs turning out brownies, drinks, tinctures and other products.
"My idea was a business park of cannabis," he said.
He sold the idea to Oakland's City Council. Desperate for new jobs and tax revenue, the council gave its final approval last month to allow four enormous marijuana factory farms. Wilcox and more than 220 others have expressed interest in applying for the permits to be awarded next year.
The city's audacious plan has inspired talk that Oakland could become the Silicon Valley of pot, home to the world's first state-of-the-art marijuana start-ups.
Comparing the economic potential of tetrahydrocannabinol to silicon chips may seem far-fetched. Some observers dismiss the notion as the fever dream of budget-traumatized politicians. But others think Oakland could be uniquely positioned to capitalize on the business opportunities created by the growing tolerance toward marijuana.
Rebecca Kaplan, the City Council member who pushed the plan, has a simple retort when asked whether the vision of Oakland at the center of a marijuana economy is fanciful: Montel Williams. The television talk-show host and motivational coach has multiple sclerosis, smokes marijuana to relieve nerve pain and has visited Kaplan, as she put it, "live in City Hall."
"He has wanted for years to open up a facility where he could produce really high-end medical cannabis extracts," she said, explaining that Williams heard through the grapevine that Oakland was the place to do it. "I would love to have Montel Williams here running a business." Williams could not be reached for comment.
Kaplan said she believed that Oakland has two essential ingredients other California cities do not: political will and industrial space. "Oakland has been a major hub of the medical cannabis movement, so that's part of what I mean when I say political will," she said.
No other city has provided such red-carpet treatment. Oakland is essentially trying to set up legal sanctuaries for pot businesses, although the move may prove too brazen for federal narcotics agents who recently called city officials to request a copy of the ordinance.
Only Berkeley, its liberal neighbor, has considered anything similar. The city will ask voters to approve six marijuana operations no larger than 30,000 square feet. But Oakland has 10 times the available industrial space, about 2.3 million square feet, and it rents for half the price.
Berkeley Mayor Tom Bates said Oakland's stock of empty industrial buildings could make it a "major player."
"Oakland is trying to become the growing mecca of the north," he said.
Jeff Jones, who founded Oakland's first cannabis club, noted that the bayside city has another advantage. "Oakland is not Holland, it's not Amsterdam; it's more like Rotterdam. It's going to be a hub for transport," he predicted. "I can imagine walking into Holland's coffee shops and finding a strain of cannabis marketed as made in California."
There are skeptics. "I think it's a big stretch," said Larry Tramutola, a political consultant who lives in Oakland. He said marijuana could have a long-term economic effect on the city but thought it would be minor. "I don't think it's going to solve all the budgetary issues," he said.
Even Dale Gieringer, an Oakland resident who as the head of California NORML advocates for marijuana legalization, has doubts. He noted that state law blunts the get-rich-overnight incentive that powers Silicon Valley. Only nonprofit collectives are allowed to grow pot.
But Oakland, like Silicon Valley, has been fertile ground for entrepreneurs and innovative thinkers, luring them from all over. Jones is from South Dakota. Richard Lee, who started the first trade school to train marijuana businessmen, moved from Texas. Steve DeAngelo, who came from Washington, D.C., runs Harborside Health Center, a $20-million-a-year dispensary that has become the largest and arguably the most professionally run marijuana retailer in the world.
"As we get closer and closer to legal cannabis, more and more new players are going to want to get into cannabis," DeAngelo said. "I think it's a sign that this industry is emerging out of the shadows and into the light, and we are gaining acceptance among mainstream figures."