So you're a renter and you want to green your space, but your landlord won't splurge on solar panels.
Don't fret. There are plenty of low-cost ways for apartment dwellers to be eco-friendly.
You can be a green tenant by unplugging appliances or using chemical-free products. It's as easy as fixing leaky faucets or installing window treatments to conserve heat in the winter and to keep your place cool in summer without cranking up the air conditioning.
"There's a myth that there isn't a lot that renters can do," said Paula Cino, director of Energy and Environmental Policy with the National Multi Housing Council. "Our individual behavior has a huge impact on sustainability. The resident has a lot of opportunity to make big differences themselves without any input from the landlord whatsoever."
Take it from Colin Beavan. The 46-year-old New York writer embarked on a yearlong experiment to see how much he could shrink his environmental footprint. He used candles instead of electric lights. He gave away his air conditioner. He unplugged his freezer and reduced his trash production. Beavan chronicled his efforts on a blog, No Impact Man. In addition to cutting his power bills, he figures he and his family eliminated 4,000 gallons of garbage that would have otherwise ended up in dumps.
"The problem for apartment dwellers is that you can't change the infrastructure of the building," he said. "So it comes down to using less."
Americans are consumers to the core, rapidly accumulating and discarding belongings that gobble up energy as they're manufactured, delivered and then eventually dumped into landfills.
"Many of us have just been flying through things, purchasing at alarming rates and making no commitment to the things we already have," said Wanda Urbanska, author of "The Heart of Simple Living." "People have not considered that purchasing all new products involves a heavy carbon cost," she said.
But the recession stopped some people in their consumerist tracks. Enter green renters like Leslie Gant, 27.
"I don't have the budget to get a Prius, so I use all the other little things to make a difference," said Gant, whose airy, split-level condo in Westwood is filled with reused and recycled items.
Her seven-piece dining room set and other furnishings are hand-me-downs or used items plucked from Craigslist, garage sales, even recycling bins. Her wardrobe comes from thrift shops and clothing swaps.
"It's not difficult at all," said Gant, who shares the 900-square-foot space with a roommate. "It's fun for your inner scavenger. Oh, and it gives me peace of mind."
To preserve trees, she stocks her bathroom with toilet tissue made from recycled paper and cleans with old rags. If every household in the nation swapped just one roll of traditional toilet paper for a recycled roll, the effort could save 424,000 trees, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council. The environmental group has created a shoppers' guide to recycled-paper products.
For tenants whose buildings don't participate in a recycling program, Earth911.com lists local recycling collection centers. And if you're moving, Rent a Green Box of Costa Mesa offers packing crates made from recycled plastic bottles and old cereal boxes.
But reusing materials doesn't have to be a utilitarian endeavor. Make your music sound sweeter by using sustainable stereo speakers, some of which are made with old sliding door casings. OrigAudio makes a set using recycled newspapers, phone books and pizza boxes, and the Bon Eco Subwoofer 500 is made from old tires and wheat straw fiber.
Water requires energy. Lots of it. Pumping it, transporting it, irrigating with it, heating it and treating it consume billions of kilowatt-hours of electricity in the U.S. each year. Producing all that power creates carbon dioxide, the equivalent of 4 million cars, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council.
So if you want to conserve energy and reduce greenhouse gases, use less water around your place.
For starters, collect your old bath water or dishwater. Known as gray water, it can be used to water houseplants or for outdoor irrigation. But you'll want to use only natural, biodegradable soap to keep from harming your greenery and to keep chemicals from leaching into the water table.
Then there's the toilet. Flushing accounts for about 30% of the water consumed in an average home, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. Gant the recycler flushes sparingly.
If that's too indelicate for you, try a trick used by Sarah Masson, 25, of Los Feliz. The television writing assistant placed a 2-liter soda bottle filled with water in her toilet tank to displace some of the water, reducing the amount used in each flush-refill cycle. You can also buy a bigger float ball or adjust the existing one so that it rests closer to the bottom of the tank, shutting off the refill valve earlier.