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Mousavi's nephew had received threats, friends say

Ali Habibi-Mousavi, killed near last weekend's protests in Iran, was not known as an outspoken opposition supporter. Some activists say his shooting was an attempt to silence reform leaders.

January 01, 2010|By Borzou Daragahi and Ramin Mostaghim
  • The father of Ali Habibi-Mousavi hangs his portrait in the family home in Tehran as the family receives condolences. The son was a merchant at the Grand Bazaar.
The father of Ali Habibi-Mousavi hangs his portrait in the family home in… (Arash Ashourinia / AFP/Getty…)

Reporting from Tehran and Beirut — During the dark years of the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s, the teenage Ali Habibi-Mousavi returned home from the front for weeklong visits. Amid the gloom, the young Iranian militiaman was full of good cheer for his mother, who couldn't stop showering him with tears of relief and worry.

" 'Mom, I am healthy and back home!' he would say," his mother recalled this week. " 'This is my head. This is my leg. This is my hand. All work perfectly! I do not deserve to be a martyr. I am made of metal!' "

This week Khadijeh Mousavi, the sister of Iranian opposition leader Mir-Hossein Mousavi, couldn't stop weeping again as she mourned for her 43-year-old son. He was mysteriously shot to death during antigovernment demonstrations Sunday, the Shiite Muslim religious holiday Ashura.

"He was a charming boy," she said through tears during a telephone interview from her Tehran home. "But I am happy that this happened to him at noon on Ashura," the commemoration of the martyrdom of revered Shiite saint Imam Hussein, who was felled in a 7th century battle.

"Certainly Hussein will take care of him in the next world," she said, speaking in the singsong accent of Iran's ethnic Azeri northwest.

A deadly wave of political unrest shook Iran last weekend, the latest in a series of antigovernment demonstrations sparked by the disputed June reelection of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. The government says eight people died in the violence. Opposition sources say 37 died, the most prominent of whom was Ali Habibi-Mousavi, whose uncle served as prime minister during the war.

Authorities say they had nothing to do with Habibi-Mousavi's death and blame mysterious forces. Hossein Shariatmadari, editor of the conservative newspaper Kayhan, even accused Mir-Hossein Mousavi of staging the death of his nephew to drum up sympathy for the opposition.

But some activists say Habibi-Mousavi was probably killed by hard-line elements within Iran's security forces that they allege have formed hit squads to carry out officially deniable acts of violence to intimidate opposition protesters and leaders.

Mohsen Makhmalbaf, a Paris-based Iranian filmmaker who has emerged as an informal spokesman for the opposition, said in a telephone interview that Habibi-Mousavi received death threats for about a week before the killing.

Iranian authorities have spared little effort in trying to keep the death from becoming a rallying point. Until The Times interview, the family had been tight-lipped about the slaying. Authorities snatched Habibi-Mousavi's corpse from the morgue the day after he was killed, giving it back Wednesday only on condition that the family hold a quiet burial out of public view, a friend said.

Plainclothes security officials ripped down posters put up by neighbors that proclaimed Habibi-Mousavi a martyr.

Nevertheless, clashes broke out Thursday between protesters and security forces near Habibi-Mousavi's burial site, a reformist website said.

Friends and relatives say that Habibi-Mousavi was a modest, friendly and low-key man.

When he was 14 or 15, he and his brother Ebrahim volunteered for the war effort, his mother said. Ebrahim was killed at the front in 1987.

A black-and-white photo posted on the Internet shows an exhausted Habibi-Mousavi, a bandanna wrapped around his head, embracing his father after returning from the war.

The young veteran finished high school and then worked for his uncle in the prime minister's office. But Habibi-Mousavi was a man of no great ambition. He was devoted to his wife and two children, and eventually went to work in his family's 120-square-foot store in Tehran's labyrinthine Grand Bazaar.

At first he sold rice and tea. But eventually he began selling cheap Asian-made toys. Customers and fellow merchants in the close-knit Javaherian arcade liked him. Some merchants dimmed their lights this week as a show of respect for their slain colleague.

"He was tactful, reserved and quiet," said one merchant, who spoke on condition of anonymity. "Although in Iranian culture there are no bad dead men and no good living men, I can honestly say he was a nice chap."

Though he voted for his uncle in last year's presidential election and was sympathetic to the opposition, Habibi-Mousavi did not take a leading role in the unrest shaking his country, friends and relatives said. The extent of his political activities was displaying a postcard-sized photo of his uncle and the green "V" symbol of the opposition on his storefront.

So relatives were confused and worried when Habibi-Mousavi began receiving threatening phone calls about a week before his death. On Sunday, he was at the home of his in-laws on Shademan Street near the epicenter of the protests.

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