California employers cut more workers in December, capping a dismal year in which the state lost more than half a million jobs.
Payrolls shrank by 38,800, marking the worst month for job losses since September. The unemployment rate remained flat at 12.4%, but only because more than 100,000 workers left the labor force and are no longer counted. Many of them have given up looking for work or have moved out of state.
Economists expect the state's labor market to remain weak this year largely because the bellwether housing sector continues to struggle. Over the last two years, California has lost more than 1 million jobs.
"It's a discouraging report," said Bill Watkins, executive director of the Center for Economic Research and Forecasting at California Lutheran University. "The recovery is not as robust as we'd like to see."
The bursting of the housing bubble has battered California, which has seen tens of thousands of related jobs in financial services, retail and the building trades vanish. The construction sector has been pummeled particularly hard. California has shed more than 300,000 construction jobs -- nearly one-third of the industry's labor force -- since the sector peaked at 948,500 jobs in February 2006, according to state figures.
Last year the state lost 116,100 construction jobs, the most in the nation.
"Construction jobs are a visible indicator of how well the economy is doing," Watkins said. "We have no idea when they're going to see relief."
The state probably set a record in 2009 for the fewest homes produced in a single year, the California Building Industry Assn. said last month. Although the data are not yet final, the association forecast that 35,600 homes would be built in 2009, the lowest number since it began keeping track in 1954.
There are some glimmers of hope. Median home prices in California have been rising while inventories are shrinking, trends that could entice home builders to resume construction.
Still, a forecast released this week by the Associated General Contractors of America predicted there would be no recovery in the industry nationally or in California this year. Nearly 1 in 4 construction workers is unemployed, the Arlington, Va.-based trade group said.
"The job loss is pretty widespread and uniform," said Brian Turmail, a spokesman for the trade group.
Some jobless laborers are trying to stay afloat by pawning their equipment. Amor Pawn Shop in Lynwood is brimming with jackhammers, welding machines and drills, a manager said. Many pawnshops are no longer accepting such tools because there's no market for them.
Idle construction workers are looking for jobs in other industries.
Mario Rodriguez had steady employment as a house framer during the construction boom, saving up enough money to get his own place in Tujunga. Now unemployed and living with his parents in Glendale, he's lowering his sights. Lately he's been inquiring about jobs as a cook, cashier and waiter. This week, he stopped by a McDonald's looking for work.
"It's hard out there -- everyone says they're not hiring," said Rodriguez, standing outside a jobs center in Glendale. He said he's had difficulty finding work because he is on parole for selling drugs. He said the easy money is tempting, but he's determined to stay straight.
The construction slowdown has hammered the state's Latino population, which was heavily employed in the industry. About 12% of the nearly 6 million Latinos employed in California worked in construction in the third quarter of 2007, according to the Pew Hispanic Center, and more than 200,000 have lost their jobs since then.
Many lack the language skills or education to transfer easily to other industries. Some are leaving California, said Rakesh Kochhar, associate director for research at the Pew Hispanic Center. Others are seeking out lower-paying jobs they might have eschewed during the building boom.
"Hispanics seem to be migrating to old standbys like maintenance, landscaping services, things like that," Kochhar said.
Inquiries about agricultural work have increased, said Piedad Ayala, president of Ayala Corp., a farm labor contractor in Riverdale, south of Fresno. But water shortages in the Central Valley are causing farmers to plant fewer crops and hire fewer laborers. "We get calls every single day, including ones from people who say if they don't get a job, they'll be homeless," Ayala said.
Adin Orozco, an unemployed Los Angeles construction worker, said he's been struggling to pay his $300-a-month rent. He now spends his days hustling for odd jobs outside the Home Depot in Hollywood, even in the rain. There are often dozens of others competing for work, he said.
"Right now I'm not making any money," he said.