Even the states' rights argument could be rehabilitated if, on appeal, Massachusetts focuses on the equality argument. The district court ruled in favor of the state for two independent reasons, only one of which relied on inherent state functions. The other, better argument was that a state can't be required to violate the Constitution in order to get federal funds. If DOMA is unconstitutional because of the way it singles out gay people to beat up on, then states can't be denied federal funds when they refuse to administer it. For example, if DOMA's requirement that same-sex couples be excluded from veterans cemeteries is unconstitutional, then Massachusetts can't lose its federal funding when it buries a same-sex couple in a state-administered veterans cemetery.