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The life of Pablo Neruda

May 01, 2011
  • Pablo Neruda, in 1971, was beloved by his Chilean countrymen. His three houses, which are open for tours, reveal a man of surprising tastes and reflect on the country's tumultuous past.
Pablo Neruda, in 1971, was beloved by his Chilean countrymen. His three… (Michel Lipchitz / Associated…)

Pablo Neruda

Born: July 12, 1904, in Parral, Chile

Died: Sept. 23, 1973, Santiago, Chile

Awards and honors: Nobel Prize for literature, 1971; Golden Wreath Award, 1972

Life: Often called the "Whitman of the South." Poetry included such works as "Veinte Poemas de Amor y una CanciĆ³n Desesperada" (Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair), "Residencia en la Tierra" (Residence on Earth), "Canto General" and "One Hundred Love Sonnets." He was a political creature, serving in diplomatic posts and was once nominated as president. He stepped aside for Salvador Allende, who was ultimately elected but died amid a coup. Neruda, said to be heartbroken (although suffering from cancer), died a few days later.

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