Musician and producer Emilio Estefan, left, actress Eva Longoria and Rep.… (Kris Connor, Getty Images )
Reporting from Washington — A federal commission has recommended construction of a museum on the National Mall honoring the history of American Latinos.
The commission submitted a report to Congress and the White House on Thursday outlining the details of the proposed $600-million National Museum of the American Latino, which has been endorsed by Interior Secretary Ken Salazar.
It would be part of the Smithsonian Institution, which already has a museum dedicated to American Indians and is planning another focusing on African Americans.
"Part of America's story that has not been told completely — that has deep missing gaps — has been the story of the Latino contribution to this country," Salazar said in an interview.
Under the proposal, half of the $600 million for the American Latino museum would come from private fundraising, and the rest would be provided by Congress.
The museum would highlight contributions of Spanish-speaking people to more than 500 years of American history. The report points out that the Spanish were the first Europeans to interact with Native Americans and that they founded St. Augustine, Fla., 42 years before Jamestown was established. Latinos explored the American West before Lewis and Clark and founded many U.S. cities.
Its collections would also acknowledge the presence of Latinos in the military in addition to featuring Latino contributions to art, culture and society. Labor activist Cesar Chavez, Baseball Hall of Fame member Roberto Clemente and former Coca-Cola Chief Executive Roberto Goizueta would likely be featured.
The most recent census data shows that Latinos, at 15.8% of the population, are the largest minority group in America.
In 1994, a report to the Smithsonian titled "Willful Neglect" criticized the institution for failing to represent Latinos in museum collections and in hiring practices.
One possible reason for the underrepresentation is a stereotypical view of Latinos as foreigners, said Allert Brown-Gort, associate director of the Institute for Latino Studies at the University of Notre Dame.
"Even though Latinos are one of the oldest population groups in the United States, because of immigration in the last couple of decades, they're seen as being all newcomers," Brown-Gort said. "This country has had a long history of Latinos — otherwise we wouldn't have places called Los Angeles."
But not everyone is happy about the proposed site of the museum, at Pennsylvania Avenue near the Reflecting Pool and the Capitol.
Judy Scott Feldman, president of the National Coalition to Save Our Mall, a group that advocates for the protection of the National Mall, says that she is in favor of efforts to better tell the story of American history, but that adding more buildings to the mall isn't always a positive move.
"The concept of the mall is rooted in the founding of the nation and the Constitution," Feldman said. "You've got the Capitol and the White House, and what's in the middle? The public promenade. The mall was the great public space, the expression of the power of the people in American democracy. But what's happening is we're building all over it."