Wednesday's stage: This was the first climbing stage, featuring a hilltop finish at Sierra Road above San Jose after an 81.8-mile trip from Livermore.
Winner: Chris Horner of Bend., Ore., and team RadioShack, left his teammate and three-time winner Levi Leipheimer behind with a late attack. Andy Schleck, 2010 Tour de France runner-up, finished second, more than a minute behind Horner. Leipheimer was fourth. Horner is having plenty of late-career success. At 10th, he was the top American at last year's Tour de France.
Leader's jersey: Horner, who turns 40 in October, took the overall lead, one he will be expected to keep at least until Friday's time trial in Solvang.
Quote of the day: From Horner, on his thoughts while he was working the final climb: "Drill it as hard as you can, I want everybody to suffer and blow this race apart."