He said the movement's tactic of occupying spaces in cities is unsustainable, so it must focus on legal tactics such as lobbying, involvement in elections, legal marches and testifying before Congress. "Making this shift will be tricky, if not impossible, because most of the core members have disavowed these tactics for ideological reasons," Heaney said.
Indeed, in Oakland — the scene of the most violent clashes involving police and protesters — Iris Arcenciel, 26, said civil disobedience doesn't mesh with taking direction from city leaders about how and where to protest.
"The important thing to remember is civil disobedience," she said as Occupy Oakland supporters gathered to plan their next steps after their camp outside City Hall was cleared before dawn Monday. "That camp in front of City Hall makes a much larger statement than appeasing City Hall."
Oakland's exhausted mayor, Jean Quan, acknowledged the challenges ahead as both sides try to gain the upper hand. "If you look across the country, we even know that we may have to go and move the encampments again," she said. "This is an international and national movement. This is their tactic."