Jessica Simpson's retail sales are expected to reach $1 billion by… (J. McCarthy / Wireimage.com )
Celebrity clothing brands have become a ubiquitous force in fashion, but this wasn't always the case. A decade ago, attaching a famous name to a mass-market brand was still fairly rare and was seen by some as a last alternative when movie scripts and TV offers slowed down.
But now it's not only acceptable, it's almost expected.
Some celebrities are serious about fashion, such as designer-actresses Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen, whose multiple lines include the Row and Elizabeth and James, and singer-actor Justin Timberlake, who has William Rast. Other stars inject their personal pop aesthetics into their brands, including Gwen Stefani with L.A.M.B and Harajuku Lovers, and Avril Lavigne with Abbey Dawn.
Star names catch the attention of consumers, but it's the product that keeps them coming back.
Jennifer Lopez and the Kardashian sisters launched new lines over the summer amid much fanfare at Kohl's and Sears, respectively, and they are likely to resonate with fans of the women's styles as well as those who appreciate the inexpensive and cheerful appeal of the brands.
The licensing of high-profile names such as Kardashian and Lopez might seem like a no-brainer. (That's especially true in the case of the Kardashians, as attaching their names and faces to a variety of products is their main claim to fame.) But what about the celebrity names without quite as much sizzle who have managed to parlay their time in the spotlight into successful and lucrative lifestyle brands that live on long after their fame has faded?
Jaclyn Smith was a pioneer, debuting her collection for Kmart in 1985, long before the "high-low" concept (a celebrity or big-name designer attached to a low-priced line at a mass retailer) of branding was cool. Twenty-six years later, Smith's brand of clothing and home décor is still selling at Kmart. The retailer has since added Selena Gomez and her Dream Out Loud tween collection and Sofia Vergara's women's line to its celebrity clothing roster.
Former MTV VJ and television personality Daisy Fuentes also managed to leverage her fame into a fashion brand including more than 10 kinds of merchandise that has generated about $800 million in sales since it entered Kohl's exclusively in 2004. Fuentes was the first celebrity name attached to the retailer.
"The case of Daisy Fuentes was a perfect storm," says Dan Levin, managing director of West Coast operations for Beanstalk, a leading global-licensing agency that is responsible for the Mary-Kate and Ashley brand at Wal-Mart, among other high-profile licensing deals. "She was the first Hispanic name to go into apparel at Kohl's. And back in the day when she started her line, the world was a different place. Celebrities didn't want to get into [licensing their names to mass retailers or products] because back then it was seen as selling out."
Selling out is clearly no longer a concern when it comes to the celebrity fashion game. In addition to Lopez and the Kardashians, Lavigne has her Abbey Dawn line at Kohl's, and Lauren Conrad has a collection there too. Salma Hayek recently launched Nuance, a beauty line exclusive to CVS stores.
Fuentes, a relative veteran when it comes to fashion branding and licensing, attributes the success of her line and that of Jessica Simpson, who has the equally robust Jessica Simpson Collection, to a focus on longevity.
"To me, longevity has always been more important than fame," Fuentes says. "I've never been the most famous girl in the room and never that interested in it." She adds that she grew her brand slowly in order to learn the business and to understand which categories made sense to add as she went along. She started with sportswear and has since added multiple fragrances, eyewear, ready-to-wear, shoes and even bedding.
"Everyone and their mother wants a clothing line; it doesn't mean everyone has a successful one," she says. "When I started, there wasn't a lot of people for me to follow, which is also why it made sense to start slow. Today, people [celebrities] have everything from sweaters to kitchenware, and it happens overnight. I started with basics, then worked from there."
Simpson's Jessica Simpson Collection, which started in 2005, has a whopping 22 categories and counting. Despite her singing and television career ups and downs, Simpson's clothing and accessory sales remain up — according to Women's Wear Daily, her retail sales are estimated to reach $1 billion by next year. The former pop star and sometime actress has a variety of merchandise, including coats, swimsuits, slippers and luggage, under her lifestyle umbrella. In her case, it's the "relatability" factor that keeps consumers buying into her brand.
Simpson may not have released a movie recently, nor is she headlining the halftime show at the Super Bowl, but women relate to her weight issues, breakups and girl-next-door-with-a-hint-of-glamour sense of style.