Earl Phillip, a North Carolina delegate to the Republican National Convention,… (Mark Boster, Los Angeles…)
TAMPA, Fla. — Earl Phillip is a North Carolina delegate to the Republican National Convention, a member of the party since he was 18 and a passionate believer in its ideals. He is also African American, which made him stand out this week in a sea of white faces on the floor of the convention hall.
The day he arrived, Phillip said, "I walked out there, I looked around, and I couldn't count any black folks."
There were some, eventually, but not a lot. Nor, if he had tried, would he have counted many Latinos or other ethnic and racial minorities — except on the podium, where Republicans showcased their diversity with speakers who reflected the party's aspirations more than its reality.
Photos: Romney accepts GOP nomination
As the United States steadily shifts from a predominantly white country to one in which nonwhites will soon be a majority, the Republican Party has a demographic challenge.
It does very well, generally speaking, among non-Latino white voters, especially white male voters, who were in abundance at its convention. But the Democratic Party retains a firm hold on most nonwhite voters, who lifted Barack Obama to victory four years ago and remain his greatest base of support this year.
Mitt Romney's campaign has said it is reaching out to all Americans, and certainly the GOP convention tried to make that case, not only with a diverse cast of speakers but with videotaped testimonials by voters of all races who blamed Obama for the economic hardships they have endured the last four years.
"From the volunteers to the delegates to the speakers on stage, it's extremely inclusive and pretty diverse," said Tara Wall, who oversees the Romney campaign's outreach to ethnic communities. She said Romney's goal was "an inclusive campaign" that would "take our message into every community."
According to unofficial figures compiled by the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies in Washington, blacks accounted for slightly more than 2% of the delegates at the convention. The center does not compile statistics for other groups, and the Republican National Committee does not keep track of the racial or ethnic status of the delegates.
By contrast, the Democratic National Convention in Charlotte, N.C., next week is expected to feature delegates who hew much closer to the demographics of the nation at large.
The gap between the GOP's aspirations and reality were vividly on display at the convention.
Prime-time television audiences saw speeches by, among others, former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, who is black, and New Mexico Gov. Susana Martinez, the nation's first Latina governor. But as the camera panned over the crowd, black and Latino faces were rare.
There were many appeals to the country's growing Latino population, including a Spanish-language entreaty by Romney's son Craig and a video showcasing Latino Republicans. But there also were images of former California Gov. Pete Wilson and Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer — two politicians who inspire antipathy from Latino voters — speaking for their states during the roll call of votes for Romney's nomination.
Romney alienated many Latino voters when he took a strong stand against illegal immigration in the Republican primary. His camp also has been accused of injecting race into the campaign through an attack on Obama's welfare policies, drawing accusations that Romney is using political code words to roil white resentment of African Americans.
Republicans say those criticisms are not fair.
"The Republican Party has not said or used any racial code words," said C.J. Jordan, a GOP strategist who is president of the National Black Republican Leadership Council. "It's the vice president who said we're going to 'put y'all back in chains.' … That was the sitting vice president!"
She was referring to remarks by Vice President Joe Biden, who told a partially African American crowd that Romney wanted to "unchain Wall Street" and "put y'all back in chains." He later said the comment was not intended to refer to slavery, but Republicans have criticized him for using racially loaded language.
Polls have shown Romney with a commanding lead over Obama among white voters. It becomes a toss-up, however, when Obama's strength among minorities is factored in.
In the most recent Gallup poll, the president had a 2-1 lead over Romney among Latinos. Among blacks, his support was close to unanimous: Obama was the choice of 90%, compared with just 4% for Romney. And that is closer than some polls in which Romney's support was statistically unmeasurable.