Republican Mitt Romney campaigns in Florida. He repeatedly accuses President… (Emmanuel Dunand, AFP/Getty…)
Reporting from Orlando, Fla. — In 2008, Barack Obama's opponents worked hard to raise suspicions about the U.S. senator with the funny name and unusual background. Some said he was foreign-born. Some said he was a Muslim. Some, notably Sarah Palin, tried to tie him to Vietnam-era left-wing violence, famously accusing him of "palling around with terrorists."
Now that Obama has governed the country for nearly three years, those attacks have lost their sting. But as Republicans battle for the right to face the Democratic president in the fall, they have found new ways to describe what they say are the dangers of a second Obama term. The Republican bogeymen of 2008 — the fiery preacher who married the Obamas, their Chicago neighbor with the revolutionary past — have been replaced.
Goodbye, the Rev. Jeremiah A. Wright Jr. and William Ayers. Hello, European socialists and Saul Alinsky.
"We will run an American campaign," Newt Gingrich proclaimed to Republicans in Palm Beach, Fla., on Saturday night, framing this distinction with Obama: "I am for the Declaration of Independence; he is for the writing of Saul Alinsky. I am for the Constitution; he is for European socialism."
In only slightly less dramatic language, Mitt Romney frequently describes the coming election as a battle for "the soul of America." As he told voters here Friday, they must choose between "a European-style welfare state" or "a free land."
In a debate here last fall, Romney said Obama "takes his political inspiration from Europe, and from the socialist Democrats in Europe."
Gingrich described "Obama's socialist policies, class warfare and bureaucratic socialism." (He also once described Obama's "worldview" as "factually insane" and said Obama could be understood only through the lens of "Kenyan, anti-colonial behavior.")
Gingrich uses Alinsky's name pejoratively in almost every appearance, often describing Obama as a "Saul Alinsky radical." The former history professor, who is generally guilty of explaining too much rather than too little, never says who Alinsky was, nor what he did. Few in his audiences appear to understand the reference. But everyone gets the drift.
"I keep wondering how the average Republican voter responds to that, other than to hear 'radical,' which is not good, and 'Alinsky,' which sounds foreign," said psychologist Drew Westen, author of "The Political Brain" and sometime Democratic advisor. Gingrich, he said, is "a seasoned enough politician to know that you don't use language that people don't understand" and has no purpose. His explanation: "He has to find a way to make Obama the 'other' and not one of us."
Westen said that the phrase could be interpreted as a "dog whistle" to anti-Semitic voters because of the combination of "European Jewish sounding name with 'radical' attached to it."
Pollster Matt Towery, a former Gingrich House aide, said he doubted Gingrich realized that some people might take the phrase that way. "He's very much aligned with the pro-Jewish community," Towery said. Gingrich's campaign would not address the issue.
Gingrich is single-handedly reviving interest in Alinsky, the all-but-forgotten Chicago-born father of community organizing. His work influenced not just Obama, who was 10 when Alinsky died in 1972 at age 63, but also Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, who wrote her Wellesley College senior thesis on him.
Alinsky was neither a socialist nor a communist. He was — mostly — a Democrat-leaning Jewish social activist who pioneered a way of teaching impoverished and minority communities how to gain political power by organizing. His most famous project was organizing the residents of the Woodlawn neighborhood in Chicago "to take on the Daley machine," said journalist Nicholas von Hoffman, who worked with Alinsky from 1953 to 1963.
"Saul's genius was as a political tactician and organizer," Von Hoffman said. "He had humor, imagination and ingenuity." (He was also famous enough at the peak of his career that after the Detroit riots in 1967, he was invited to discuss the civil rights struggle with then-Michigan Gov. George Romney, Mitt Romney's father.)
Alinsky's "Rules for Radicals," a primer on confrontational social activism, has been adopted by political activists on both ends of the spectrum, including members of the tea party. James O'Keefe studied it before creating his 2009 undercover "sting" against the community activist organization ACORN.
The Alinsky and socialist gibes are intended to craft a criticism of Obama that overpowers the economy's mincing improvements.