Jan. 25, 2011 — Egyptians launch large protests against three decades of authoritarian rule by President Hosni Mubarak.
Jan. 26 — Security forces move into Cairo's Tahrir Square, beating and arresting protesters.
Feb. 11 — Mubarak steps down and turns power over to the military after the ongoing conflict has claimed about 900 lives. Two days later, military leaders dissolve parliament and suspend the constitution.
Nov. 28 — Voting begins in Egypt's first parliamentary elections since Mubarak's ouster. It is staged over several weeks and concludes in January with nearly half the seats won by the previously banned Muslim Brotherhood.
May 23-24, 2012 — After the first round of voting with 13 presidential candidates on the ballot, Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood and Ahmed Shafik, the last prime minister under Mubarak, emerge as the top two vote-getters.
June 14 — The nation's constitutional court dissolves the Islamist-dominated parliament.
June 16-17 — Runoff election between Morsi and Shafik. Military council gives generals sweeping authority and limits the powers of the president.
June 18 — Both Morsi and Shafik declare victory.
June 24 — Morsi is declared the winner of Egypt's first free election with 51.7% of the vote.