“Easy LIving” with Ray Milland, left, and Jean Arthur. That’s… (Paramount Pictures )
Though the elegant, urbane and sophisticated director would recoil in horror at the comparison, Mitchell Leisen is the Rodney Dangerfield of golden age Hollywood directors. He simply can't get no respect.
That's not for lack of people trying. Every few years, almost on cue, a melancholy critic will write an essay bemoaning the fact that a filmmaker this gifted has been forgotten, or an adventurous institution will put on a comprehensive and enjoyable retrospective, such as the UCLA Film & Television Archive's 16-film "The Signature Style: The Films of Mitchell Leisen" that begins on Friday at the Hammer Museum in Westwood.
But though library shelves and film school syllabuses groan under the weight of books and courses about such acknowledged auteurs as John Ford, Alfred Hitchcock and Orson Welles, there is but one slim volume (written by David Chierichetti) with this man's name on it. And though boxed sets of Leisen's films are available in French, Italian and even Spanish editions, nothing of the kind exists over here.
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This is all the more remarkable because, both as a group and individually, his films "Midnight," "Easy Living," "Death Takes a Holiday" and "Remember the Night" are as reliably — and stylishly — entertaining as anything made by the director's contemporaries.
Leisen's written signature at the start of a film — a mark of the great esteem in which he was held by his bosses at Paramount back in the day — is as good a guarantee of a pleasurable experience as one could hope to find. So why the lack of respect?
One explanation is that Leisen's gifts and tendencies turn out to be harder to quantify than easily identifiable markers like Hitchcock's feeling for suspense, Ford's passion for westerns, or even tropes like the respective Lubitsch and Capra touches.
For what made Leisen's films distinctive was the wit, style and intelligence he consistently brought to them, gifts that invariably made his characters more realistic and his stories more emotionally complex and involving than the norm.
Because he was so good at amplifying the strengths of scripts, the director often had his pick of the best ones at Paramount, which was certainly the case with the two Leisen films that open the series on Friday at the Billy Wilder Theater: "Midnight" and "Easy Living."
"Midnight" (1939), which is sometimes considered Leisen's signature film, was written by Wilder and partner Charles Brackett. The film stars Claudette Colbert as a genial adventuress who arrives in Paris on a third-class train ticket with nothing to declare but the gold lamé evening gown she's wearing.
Helped by Don Ameche's easygoing cab driver, she bluffs her way into a fancy party (the dress helps), where she catches the eye of wealthy John Barrymore, but not for the reason you might suspect: He wants her to distract the gigolo who is after his wife. Misunderstandings and hilarity ensue, as does a largeness of spirit that typifies Leisen's approach.
The same goes for "Easy Living" (1937), from a script by Preston Sturges, which starts with a classic screwball premise: Tyrannical banker J.B. Ball (Edward Arnold), the Bull of Broad Street, drops a $58,000 sable coat on the head of penniless Mary Smith, who toils for the Boy's Constant Companion, and nothing is the same for anyone ever again.
Actress Jean Arthur brings to spirited life the spunky young woman whom everyone starts to mistake for Ball's mistress. Sturges' rat-a-tat dialogue is a treat ("Where there's smoke, someone's smoking," says a hotelier played by Luis Alberni), as is an enormous hotel suite that Leisen, who came to directing from art direction and costume design, took particular pleasure in creating.
Though having fine writers to work with helped Leisen's career, it hurt him in the auteur sweepstakes, as his reputation became one of being no more than an adroit adapter (as if this was an easy task) of other people's material. It also didn't help that both Sturges and Wilder segued to directing and, in Wilder's case, heaped vituperation on Leisen for what he'd allegedly done to their earlier scripts.
As it turns out, the UCLA series has another film apiece for both the Brackett-Wilder team and Sturges, and the comparison between how Leisen handled their material and what they did when they were on their own is instructive.
"Hold Back the Dawn" (1941, playing Nov. 30 with "Swing High, Swing Low," 1937) is an unusual film for Leisen in that it's a brooding romantic melodrama about a heartless Romanian gigolo (who else but Charles Boyer) who marries a naive schoolteacher (Olivia de Havilland) to get American citizenship. Leisen's talent takes some of the chill out of the air (the film got six Oscar nominations, including one for De Havilland), and the director himself is visible behind the camera in the story's Hollywood soundstage framing device.