The reelection effort of California Gov. Gray Davis, here campaigning… (Nick Ut / Associated Press )
The voters were not happy. They didn't like their choice of candidates: a Democratic incumbent who seemed overmatched by the biggest challenge he faced and a rich Republican businessman with a reluctance to give up his tax returns.
By an overwhelming margin they believed things were seriously off track and, worse, continued to head in the wrong direction.
And yet they delivered embattled California Gov. Gray Davis a second term after a tough and relentlessly negative campaign, which did nothing to lift public spirits but managed to defy several of the perceived laws of political physics.
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“The day people went to the polls, Davis had a 39% job approval rating, a 57% unfavorable rating and a 75% wrong track rating,” said Garry South, the chief strategist for the Davis campaign. “Any one of those three measurements would traditionally be considered a death knell for an incumbent.”
The reason for Davis' success was simple: As unpopular as he was, voters cared for his opponent, political neophyte Bill Simon, even less.
Comparing any two campaigns is always imprecise. President Obama is no Davis; people like him far more than the passionless former California governor, and the president's job approval rating, while mediocre, is also much higher than Davis' was on election day.
Mitt Romney is no Simon; he served a term as Massachusetts governor, has run twice for president and, for all his missteps, is a far superior candidate to the blundering Simon. (Making his first try for public office, Simon won the GOP nomination with no small help from the Davis camp, which torpedoed former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan with a $10 million ad blitz during the Republican primary.)
That said, the parallels between the 2002 governor's race and the current presidential contest are unmistakable and meaningful, not least because one of the architects of Davis' victory, Larry Grisolano, is now a senior strategist for the Obama campaign.
In both instances, there was little chance of changing voters' minds about the most consequential and defining issue each of the incumbents confronted after taking office.
Obama has failed to delivere a robust economic recovery and, while his defenders say he inherited a mess and needs more time to fix it, probably his best hope is fighting Romney to a draw on that particular front.
Davis stumbled in the early stages of the 2001 electricity crisis and, while he eventually helped bring new power plants on line, his performance was widely judged a failure. Early on, his campaign team tried making a positive case for Davis, but voters weren't buying it.
“We would show our ads in focus groups and people would say, 'I don't believe that for a minute,'" South recalled.
So by necessity the campaign settled on a straightforward, brutal strategy: If they couldn't make people love Davis - -or even like him very much -- they would work to make his opponent so unappealing that voters would reelect the governor, even if they held their noses doing it.