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British computer geek's case highlights extradition issue

September 18, 2012|Henry Chu
  • Richard O'Dwyer and his mother, Julia, leave court in January in central London after he lost his attempt to fight extradition to the U.S. over alleged infringement of copyright.
Richard O'Dwyer and his mother, Julia, leave court in January in central… (Dominic Lipinski, Associated…)

BOLSOVER, ENGLAND — One of America's most wanted men, here in Britain anyway, is a slightly awkward computer geek who still drops by his mom's house on weekends to enjoy a home-cooked meal, the kind he doesn't get sharing an apartment with other college students.

But Richard O'Dwyer will be eating prison grub soon if authorities in Washington have their way. O'Dwyer, 24, is due to be shipped across the Atlantic to face criminal charges in a country he's never set foot in. His offense: creating a website that featured links to pirated movies and TV shows.

To many in the U.S., extraditing O'Dwyer and others like him represents justice being served. But to others, mostly here in Britain, it's a sign of an Anglo American extradition agreement that's grossly weighted in favor of the U.S., becoming an increasing source of resentment for the lesser power in the "special relationship."

The issue has garnered particular attention lately because of the case of Julian Assange, the founder of the whistle-blowing website WikiLeaks. Assange, who is Australian, is now holed up in the Ecuadorean Embassy in London in a bid to avoid extradition to Sweden on allegations of sexual assault, which he and his supporters insist is a pretext for eventually sending him on to the U.S. to face accusations of espionage.

Critics here say too many Britons are being bundled off too easily to face trial in the United States, sometimes for seemingly minor offenses, while far fewer suspects are sent in the opposite direction. A treaty originally touted as speeding up the extradition of accused terrorists and mobsters is now being applied to computer hackers and lesser offenders.

"The net has been far wider than was envisaged at the time," said Dominic Raab, a member of Parliament from the ruling Conservative Party. "This is not an excuse to bash the Americans. This is a campaign to protect British nationals."

Since the treaty was signed in 2003, 73 people of various nationalities have been packed off to the U.S. from British shores to face charges, versus 38 in the opposition direction, according to the American Embassy.

But Raab said a look at the nationalities of those shipped to America is more telling.

"For every one U.S. national extradited to Britain, seven Brits are surrendered to the U.S.," he said. "So with respect to our own citizens, the arrangements have proved lopsided in practice."

Activists here have seized on a number of high-profile, controversial cases to push for tightening Britain's extradition arrangements with the U.S., including those of O'Dwyer and Gary McKinnon, a 46-year-old with Asperger's syndrome who admits to hacking into Pentagon databases but insists he did so in search of evidence of UFOs.

In March, a parliamentary committee urged Prime Minister David Cameron to "act immediately to deal with growing public unease" over the extradition treaty, which the panel's chairman said made it "easier to extradite a British citizen to the U.S.A. than vice versa."

For its part, the U.S. bristles at perceptions here that it is an arrogant, prosecution-happy country eager to mete out lock-'em-up justice to Americans and non-Americans alike, and it says the agreement is fine as is.

"It promotes the interests of justice in both our countries," Louis B. Susman, the U.S. ambassador to London, said in a rare appearance before members of Parliament.

He noted that a blue-ribbon panel appointed by the British government gave a clean bill of health to the extradition treaty last year, and cautioned critics not to view the issue "through the prism of individual cases where sentiment and emotion can cloud reality."

Here in Bolsover, outside the city of Sheffield, Julia O'Dwyer is battling an extradition order for son Richard, the university student who set up a website with links to pirated Hollywood films and television programs.

She described him as a shy young man who, while sitting at her kitchen counter two years ago, opened his computer to discover that U.S. authorities had taken down his site,, and replaced it with a big-lettered warning about copyright infringement.

"I can just vaguely remember him muttering away: 'I can sort that out. What does America have to do with me?' " said O'Dwyer, adding that she had no idea at the time what the website was or did.

Her son resurrected the site under a different address, but that, too, got taken down. O'Dwyer acknowledges that her son made a tidy sum of money from allowing ads on the website but that, ironically, he frittered some of it away by going out to the movies, even as his site steered users to unlicensed online content.

British and American officers knocked on Richard O'Dwyer's door in November 2010, took him in for questioning, confiscated his computer and told him to show up for a bail hearing in six months down in London. There, he was informed that he would not face trial in Britain but would be extradited to the U.S. instead.

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