A view of Terminal 2 at Ontario International Airport, which has lost almost… (Francine Orr / Los Angeles…)
Inland Empire officials seeking control of LA/Ontario International Airport are balking at an unprecedented demand by Los Angeles that they buy the struggling operation for hundreds of millions of dollars.
Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa and the agency that operates Ontario have insisted that the once-thriving aviation hub be sold at a price that helps recover the cost of improvements made over the years. Their studies estimate Ontario's fair market value at $243 million to $605 million.
Inland Empire officials assert that the facility, 37 miles west of downtown Los Angeles, has a negative market value due to its severe decline during the recession and its uncertain future. They note that of the eight U.S. airports that have shifted ownership from one government agency to another over the last 20 years, not one involved a sale like that envisioned by Los Angeles.
The officials counter that the price estimates are unrealistic. They say that Ontario -- once the linchpin in a plan to more evenly spread air traffic across the busy Los Angeles region -- has lost almost 40% of its passengers, noting that revenue is declining and its high costs for airlines have made it difficult to restore service.
For The Record
Los Angeles Times Saturday, April 06, 2013 Home Edition Main News Part A Page 4 Local Desk 1 inches; 65 words Type of Material: Correction
Ontario airport: An article in the April 4 LATExtra section about negotiations to transfer LA/Ontario International Airport from an authority in Los Angeles to one in the Inland Empire said that the airport was 37 miles west of downtown Los Angeles. It is 37 miles east. A For the Record item in the April 5 Section A said that the article was published March 4.
"There has never been a transfer of this type that has entailed the amount of compensation Los Angeles World Airports wants," said Ontario City Councilman Alan D. Wapner, who has been leading the effort to acquire the airport. "My biggest concern is that they will give it to us after it has failed. A lot is at stake."
The newly formed Ontario International Airport Authority and the Ontario City Council met in closed sessions earlier this week to discuss their options in the talks with Los Angeles, such as potential counteroffers and the possibility of litigation.
Serious discussions over control of the airport began late last year after the Los Angeles City Council rejected an offer by Ontario officials, which included making a $50-million payment and retiring the airport's remaining debt of about $70 million from the construction of two passenger terminals.
Inland Empire officials believe the airport can be a much more vibrant economic driver for Riverside and San Bernardino counties. They contend that Los Angeles officials -- who also manage Los Angeles International Airport and one of the nation's busiest general aviation centers in Van Nuys -- have not done enough to halt Ontario's severe decline.
Passenger volumes have plummeted from 7.2 million in 2007 to 4.2 million last year. The latest projections indicate that the passenger level could fall below 4 million in 2013.
Los Angeles officials assert that the worst recession since World War II has prompted carriers to reduce service and relocate flights to well-established markets at larger hubs, such as LAX. Efforts to cut costs and lure airlines back to Ontario, they say, have not worked.
Representatives from Los Angeles and the Inland Empire have agreed not to publicly discuss the substance of the negotiations. Miguel Santana, Los Angeles' chief administrator, is moderating the talks. He said the negotiations are at a critical stage and that finding a middle ground acceptable to the parties is difficult.
"We are trying to find areas of commonality," Santana said. "The city has not changed its view on a sale. The question is, what is the appropriate value. I still believe there is reason to be optimistic, but there are major challenges that need to be overcome by both sides."
Based on various assumptions about the airport's future revenue, expenses and projected growth, Leigh/Fisher management consultants established a range of values. Researchers also weighed the transaction terms of about 30 airports worldwide, whose government operators sold long-term leases or shares to private interests.
In the U.S., Leigh/Fisher noted that private investors bid $2.52 billion in 2008 to acquire a 99-year lease for Chicago's Midway International Airport -- the nation's 29th-busiest airport. Though the deal collapsed, researchers said "Midway remains a relevant data point for valuing the sale of a commercial airport."
According to the Federal Aviation Administration, Los Angeles can sell the airport to the Ontario authority, but the proceeds must be used for airport purposes at LAX or Van Nuys and cannot go into the city's general fund.
In stark contrast to Leigh/Fisher's estimates, Inland Empire officials contend that the airport has a negative value of $78 million to $104 million due to its decline and forecasts for a slow recovery.
They say it is disingenuous for Los Angeles to claim that Ontario must be sold to recover the cost of improvements that were financed with the help of airport revenue from Ontario, federal grants and passenger fees assessed for construction projects. About $506 million has been invested, officials say.