Births to women ages 15-19 and 20-24 in the U.S. declined to "historic lows" in 2011, declining to 31.3 births per 1,000 women, said researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control's National Center for Health Statistics.
Writing in the journal Pediatrics on Monday, Brady E. Hamilton and colleagues summarized vital statistics from birth certificates and death records in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. Overall, there were 3,953,593 births in the U.S. in 2011, 1% fewer than in 2010. The birth rate was 12.7 births per 1,000 total population, the lowest rate ever reported in the nation.
Breaking the data down by ages, birth rates fell for women ages 15-29 and rose for women 35-39 and 40-44. Rates were unchanged for women 30-34 and 45-49.
Significantly, among teenagers 15-19 the birth rate fell 8%. The authors wrote that the overall teen birth rate fell 49% from 1991 through 2011, creating a "substantial" impact. If 1991 birth trends had persisted, they said, there would have been an additional 3.6 million births to 15- to 19-year-olds.