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Two new camera-shy Supreme Court justices

February 21, 2013|By Michael McGough
  • Justices Elena Kagan, left, and Sonia Sotomayor arrive at the ceremonial swearing-in for President Obama at the Capitol during the 57th Presidential Inauguration in Washington.
Justices Elena Kagan, left, and Sonia Sotomayor arrive at the ceremonial… (Pablo Martinez Monsivais…)

Without using the term “going native,” the New York Times reports that Supreme Court Justices Elena Kagan and Sonia Sotomayor have developed second thoughts about the desirability of televising arguments before the court.

The NYT’s Adam Liptak noted that, at her confirmation hearings, Sotomayor said: “I have had positive experiences with cameras.” But now, echoing her longer-serving colleagues, she worries that televised snippets from arguments would lead viewers who haven’t read the briefs (basically, all of them) to think that “the judge favors this point rather than that point. Very few of them understand what the process is, which is to play devil’s advocate.”

Kagan has executed a similar about-face, Liptak points out: “At her confirmation hearings in 2010, she said video coverage ‘would be a great thing for the institution, and more important, I think it would be a great thing for the American people.’ Two years later, she said she now had ‘a few worries, including that people might play to the camera’ and that the coverage could be misused.”

I don’t think these second thoughts are grounds for impeachment, but they are frustrating for supporters of televising the court (myself included). And they are also rather patronizing.  

Most lay people who follow Supreme Court arguments are aware that the justices sometimes play devil’s advocate during oral arguments (and also that they occasionally tip their hand, as Justice Antonin Scalia did during the healthcare arguments when he suggested that the administration was claiming the power to make people buy broccoli). But viewers who didn’t understand the Socratic nature of Supreme Court argument could easily be informed about it by a TV reporter. And viewers who wanted the full context could always switch the channel to C-SPAN and watch the argument in its entirety.

Given the comments by Kagan and Sotomayor, it seems unlikely that the justices will be inviting cameras into their courtroom. But they could meet the public and the media halfway by allowing for the same-day release of audio recordings of arguments. Except for rare exceptions -- such as the Obamacare arguments -- those recordings currently aren’t made available on the court’s website until Friday, anywhere from two to four days after the arguments took place. That makes it less likely that a justice’s comments will be played on the evening news.

My impression of TV coverage of the healthcare arguments is that recordings of the justices’ comments weren’t presented out of context. Not every “sound bite” is a distortion. Scalia's "broccoli" line was pithy, but it also encapsulated a serious legal argument about whether the federal government could mandate economic activity.

We get it that the justices aren’t ready for their close-up, but why not allow the public to hear their words on the same day they’re uttered?


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